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01 Moles Water

01 Moles Water

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Published by Joel Topf

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Published by: Joel Topf on Oct 23, 2009
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02/26/2014

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S. Faubel and J. Topf1 Moles and Water
1
1
1 Moles and Water 
 
The Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Companion
2
The amount of water contained in the body, total body water, is 50-60% of a person's weight. Since 1 liter of water weighs 1 kilogram, calculating totalbody water (TBW) is simple. For example, a 70 kg (154 pound) man consistsof 42 (.60 x 70) liters of water.Because such a large portion of the body is water, maintaining appropri-ate fluid balance is critical to healthy body function.
Total body water
The body is 60% water.
60%
Total body water
40%
Everything elsethat is not water
1 kilogram = _______ liter of water = ______ pounds. A 60 kilogram man contains _______ liters of water.50 kg = _______ pounds.1; 2.260%
 
×
60 = 36110
1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds.To convert pounds to kilograms, divide pounds by 2.2.To convertkilograms to pounds, multiply kilograms by 2.2.
 
S. Faubel and J. Topf1 Moles and Water
3
Men are about 60% water by weight and women are 50-55% water byweight. Women have a lower TBW because they have a higher proportion of body fat, which contains little water.Age also affects total body water. Infants have a high percentage of waterby weight. Premature infants may contain up to 80% water. Full-term in-fants are about 70% water which decreases to 60% after 6 months to a year. After the age of one, TBW remains a consistent proportion of weight untildeclining once again with advanced age. For example, an older adult maleis 50% water by weight.
In general, about _______ percent of a man's weight is water,whereas about _______ percent of a woman's weight is water.Infants have a ________ (high/low) percentage of water byweight.Just as grapes become raisins, when adults age they becomewrinkled and _______ (lose/gain) water.6050highlose
Total body water
TBW is affected by gender and age.
TBW = 50%TBW = 60%TBW = 70%TBW = 50%

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