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Computer Organization & Articture No. 2 from APCOMS

Computer Organization & Articture No. 2 from APCOMS

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Published by: Naveed on Oct 23, 2009
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COA by Athar Mohsin
Lecture 02
COA by Athar Mohsin
Advancement in computer system related todevelopment of high performance 16-bit, 32 bit and64 bit microprocessor architecture andmicrocomputer system
 –IBM PC – the first microcomputer 1981, a 16 bit MP 8088 –Few years later PC/AT: personal computer advancedtechnology, 80286 –Intel’s 80486: the first 32 bit MP –Today Pentium IV based PC/AT industry standard
Advancement is due to VLSI technology50,000 or more software are available for these PC
COA by Athar Mohsin
Why study computer organization and architecture?
 –Design better programs, including system software such ascompilers, operating systems, and device drivers
Writing complex program and algorithm- need a computer run efficientlySome algorithms infeasible today-could be feasible tomorrow
 –Current rate of innovation predict this
 –Optimize program behavior 
Why the implementation of feasible algorithm running slowly
 –See the program from computer’s point of view –Understanding of computer working is important
 –Evaluate (benchmark) computer system performance
Concept of benchmarking is important for computer professionalHow hardware interact with the softwareUnderstand time, space, and price tradeoffs.

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