Common Myths and Misconceptions | Polaris Project
(ictims of trafficking will immediately ask for help or assistance and will self-identify as a #ictim of a crime.
Reality: 0i%ti$( " trai%&i!' "te! d" !"t i$$ediately (ee& hel, "r (el1ide!tiy a( 2i%ti$(
" a %ri$e
due to lack of trust& self-bla!e& or training by the traffickers. 't is i!portant to avoid !aking a snap 5udg!ent based on the first intervie"s and to understand that trust "ill take ti!e to develop. /ontinued trust-building and patient intervie"ing is often required to get to the "hole story.
Trafficking #ictims always come from situations of po#erty or from small rural #illages.
Although poverty is highly correlated "ith hu!an trafficking because it is often an indicator of vulnerability&
,"2erty al"!e i( !"t a (i!'le %a#(al a%t"r "r #!i2er(al i!di%at"r " a h#$a! trai%&i!' 2i%ti$.
Trafficking victi!s can co!e fro! a range of inco!e levels and !any !ay co!e fro! fa!ilies "ith higher socioecono!ic status.
Sex trafficking is the only form of human trafficking.
=le!ents of hu!an trafficking can occur in the co!!ercial se industry as "ell as in situations of forced labor or services.
H#$a! trai%&i!' e!%"$,a((e( )"th 4(e5 trai%&i!'6 a!d 4la)"r trai%&i!'6 a!d %a! ae%t $e! a!d /"$e! %hildre! a!d ad#lt(.
'uman trafficking only occurs in illegal underground industries.
=le!ents of hu!an trafficking can be identified "henever the !eans of force& fraud& or coercion induce a person to perfor! co!!ercial se acts& or labor or services.
Trai%&i!' %a! "%%#r i! le'al a!d le'iti$ate )#(i!e(( (etti!'( a( /ell a( #!der'r"#!d $ar&et(.
)f the trafficked person consented to $e in their initial situation or was informed a$out what type of la$or they would $e doing or that commercial sex would $e in#ol#ed& then it cannot $e trafficking or against their will $ecause they “knew $etter.”
Reality: A 2i%ti$ %a!!"t %"!(e!t t" )e i! a (it#ati"! " h#$a! trai%&i!'.
'nitial consent to co!!ercial se or a labor setting prior to acts of force& fraud& or coercion or if the victi! is a !inor in a se trafficking situation4 is not relevant to the cri!e& nor is pay!ent.
%oreign national trafficking #ictims are always undocumented immigrants or here in this country illegally.
> Foreign national trafficked persons can be in the $nited #tates through either legal or illegal !eans. Although so!e foreign national victi!s are undocu!ented& a significant percentage !ay have legiti!ate visas for various purposes.
N"t all "rei'! !ati"!al 2i%ti$( are #!d"%#$e!ted.
Polaris Pro5ect 6 7ational u!an Trafficking 8esource /enter 6 --9:9:- 6 7T8/;PolarisPro5ect.org
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