Gas Insulated Substations (GIS)
enclosed ina ground metallic housing in which the primary insulating medium is compressed
Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
acts as an
earthed metal closure
. The introduction of SF6 gas has revolutionized not only thetechnologyofcircuit breakers but also the layout of substations.The dielectric strength of SF6 gas at atmospheric pressure is approximatelythree times that of air. It s ncomuste, non toxc, cooress an cemcay nert.It has arc-quenching properties 3 to 4 times better than air at equal pressure.Space requirement is only 10 to 25 percent of what is required is aconventional substation.