Sequence stratigraphy and depositional environments of theShamokin (Union Springs) Member, Marcellus Formation,and associated strata in themiddle Appalachian Basin
Daniel Kohl, Rudy Slingerland, Mike Arthur,Reed Bracht, and Terry Engelder
rich shales of the lower Marcellus Formationwere deposited at the toe and basinward of a prograding clino-them associated with a Mahantango Formation delta complexcentered near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Distribution of theseorganic-carbon
richshaleswasinfluencedbyshiftsinthedeltacomplex driven by changes in rates of accommodation crea-tion and by a topographically high carbonate bank that formedalong the Findlay-Algonquin arch during deposition of theOnondaga Formation. Specifically, we interpret the UnionSprings member (Shamokin Member of the Marcellus For-mation) and the Onondaga Formation as comprising a singlethird-order depositional sequence. The Onondaga Formationwas deposited in the lowstand to transgressive systems tract,and the Union Springs member was deposited in the trans-gressive,highstand,andfalling-stagesystemstract.Theregionalextent of parasequences, systems tracts, and the interpreteddepositional sequence suggest that base-level fluctuationswereprimarilycausedbyallogenicforcing
insteadofbasementfault reactivation as argued by previous workers. Paleowaterdepthsin the region of Marcellus Formation black mudrock accu-mulation were at least 330 ft (100 m) as estimated by differ-ences in strata thickness between the northwestern carbonate
Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802; present address: Chevron North America Exploration and ProductionCompany, 1550 Coraopolis Heights Road, Moon Township Pennsylvania 15108-1611; Daniel.Kohl@Chevron.com
Daniel Kohl is a geologist working for ChevronNorth America. He received an M.S. degree ingeoscience from the Pennsylvania State Univer-sity and a B.S. degree in geology from Wash-ington and Lee University. Currently, he works to explore and develop unconventionalshale gas plays in the Appalachian Basin of theeastern United States.
Department of Geo- sciences, Pennsylvania State University, Univer- sity Park, Pennsylvania 16802; email@example.com
Rudy Slingerland is a professor of geology at thePennsylvania State University. He received a B.S.degree from Dickinson College and an M.S.degree and a Ph.D. from the Pennsylvania StateUniversity. Currently, his research focuses onearth surface processes, sedimentation, andstratigraphy.
Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802; firstname.lastname@example.org
Mike A. Arthur, a geochemist and sedimentary geologist, is a Penn State professor of geo-sciences. He received B.S. and M.S. degrees from theUniversityof California, Riverside, and a Ph.D.from Princeton University.Currently, hisresearchfocuses on studies of modern marine environ-ments characterized by organic-carbon
Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802; email@example.com
Reed Bracht is a geophysicist working for HessCorporation. He received his B.S degree from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and his M.S.degree from the Pennsylvania State University.He has worked various unconventional plays,offshore Gulf of Mexico, and Equatorial Guinea, Africa.
Copyright ©2014. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists. All rights reserved.Manuscript received July 16, 2012; provisional acceptance March 26, 2013; revised manuscript received June 26, 2013; final acceptance August 23, 2013.DOI:10.1306/08231312124
AAPG Bulletin, v. 98, no. 3 (March 2014), pp. 483