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Greek Philosopher: Zeno of Citium

Greek Philosopher: Zeno of Citium

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Published by Glen
Zeno was the founder of Stoicism, one of the most important schools of Greek and Roman ethical philosophy. His school in Athens was called the Stoa ("porch"), named after the place where he lectured.
Zeno was the founder of Stoicism, one of the most important schools of Greek and Roman ethical philosophy. His school in Athens was called the Stoa ("porch"), named after the place where he lectured.

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Published by: Glen on Oct 25, 2009
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Zeno of Citium Page 1
 
Zeno of Citium
Ancient Greek Stoic Philosopher©2009Firebrand
Zeno of Citium (335-263 BC), Greek philosopher, probably half Semitic, founder of the Stoicschool, born at Citium in Cyprus. He went to Athens in 305 and attached himself to the CynicCrates. Later he studied under Stilpo, Diodorus Cronus, and Philo of the Megarian school. He then proceeded to the Academics, Xenocrates and Polemo, and opened a school of his own in the'Painted Porch', Stoa Poikile. Hence his disciples were called Stoics.
Cover photo byShakko Kitsune
Zeno of Citium Page 2
 
Zeno of Citium
Zeno of Citium was an ancient Greek philosopher. Born in Citium on Cyprus, about 336 B.C.Probably of Phoenician origin, he was shipwrecked near Piraeus, the port of Athens, in 313 B.C.and then settled at Athens.After attending lectures by leading professors of the several Athenian philosophical schools andstudying their doctrines, he began about 300 to teach his own tenets in a public hall, the StoaPoikile (Painted Porch), whence his system was namedStoicism.Zeno's philosophy was developed in answer to the political instability and philosophical skepticism of the day.It emphasized that an individual should fully accept the events of life, since they are often beyondhuman control. Man should use his reason to discipline his emotions and desires. In so doing, helives a life of goodness and virtue, in harmony with himself and the world. Zeno's philosophicalsystem also included logic and physics. His thought reflects the influence of Socratesand the Cynicschool.Zeno's exemplary life was so esteemed by the Athenians that they offered him citizenship, which hedeclined from fidelity to his birthplace. Another admirer, Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedon (r.276-239 B.C.), invited him to transfer his activity to the Macedonian capital (Pella), a request thatZeno refused.Zeno propagated his doctrine also in numerous treatises, of which only brief and isolated excerptsare extant. Among his works are recorded: On Life According to Nature, On Human Nature, OnEmotions, On Duty, On Law, On Vision, On the Whole World, On Signs, On Varieties of Style,Ethics, Pythagorean Questions, Rhetoric Universals, and The State. Besides these, he wrote oneducation and poetry and left memoirs.Zeno's presentation was so popular that he soon attracted many auditors, and he continued to teachthere for almost 40 years, until his death in Athens, Greece, in about 262 B.C.
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