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The Role of Russia in the Present World

The Role of Russia in the Present World

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Published by prytheek
AN ESSAY FROM THE ONLINE BOOK, "MY TIME, MY WORLD" AUTHORED BY PRATHEEK PRAVEEN KUMAR
AN ESSAY FROM THE ONLINE BOOK, "MY TIME, MY WORLD" AUTHORED BY PRATHEEK PRAVEEN KUMAR

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Published by: prytheek on Oct 25, 2009
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10/27/2009

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THE ROLE OF RUSSIA IN TNE PRESENTWORLD
Russia was the central and strongest part of the former USSR.USSR continued as the second superpower of the world till itdisintegrated by the liberal policies of its General Secretary, Gorbachevin 1990. Though the disintegration of USSR weakened Russia, it iscertainly not out of reckoning in world politics. Recent politicaldevelopments like the total response of Russia in Georgia in 2008, itsaggressive policies in Central Asia, counter measures to stopexpansion of NATO alliance further east, new military bases, attemptsto move closer to China and similar manoeuvres prove the risingconfidence and importance of Russia in the world politics.
GEORGIA ARMED CONFLICT
Georgia as aCaucasuscountry of Eurasia, situated at the  juncture of Western AsiaandEastern EuropewithRussiain the north was a part of the Soviet Union till it declared independence on April 9,1991, shortly before the collapse of the USSR. Georgia is keen to joinNATOand theEuropean Union.  Two regions of Georgia, namelyAbkhaziaandSouth Ossetia, after simmering disputes and widespread inter-ethnic violence andwars with Georgia, supported byRussia, declared independence fromGeorgia in 1995.Hostilities escalatedbetween Georgia and its breakaway stateof South Ossetiaescalated in July 2008. After the Georgian bombing of the South Ossetian capital, Tskhinvaliin the lateevening of August,
 
Georgian armed forces began pushing into South Ossetia. Russia senttroops into South Ossetia to help the latter. The conflictbetweenGeorgia on the one side and Russia, Ossetian, and Abkhazianseparatists on the other quickly escalated into a full-scalewarin whichGeorgian forces were decimated.Russian military troops invadedAbkhazia, and seized additionalterritories of Western Georgia.Russia recognizedthe Georgian regionsof South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states.
US-RUSSIA RELATIONS
Both Russia and the United States of America are very importantcountries in today’s world politics. The relationship between the UnitedStates of America and Russia is at its lowest ebb since the last twenty-five years. This is some thing that both of these two countries would like tochange. Russia has been hoping that with Obama at the helm, thingswould change quickly. With George Bush at the helm, things were adisaster and things kept on going from worse to worse. Obama saysthat he will try his best to improve relationships with Russia; however,there are many people who are very skeptical about this because of the precedence and the state of the world politics at this junctureEven after the end of the Cold War, Russia and the United Statesof America have not enjoyed cordial and friendly relations with eachother. This is some thing that both of these two countries are anxiousto change now. They had a deterioration of their relationship duringthe time of George Bush as the President of the United States of 
 
America. However, it looks as if the United States of America underBarack Obama as President will change this.As Obama looks to visit Dimity Medvedev and then Putin in 2009,it looks as if Obama attaches importance to Russia as he has visitedRussia before he visited China and Japan. This is how it is seen inRussia and also all over the world. The visit is of course good for Russia-US relationships in future. Itlooks as if Russia and the US who actually almost came into conflict afew days during the Georgia war of 2008 are intent on improving theirrelationship. The United States of America and Russia are trying for anew treaty to replace the START treaty that the United States andRussia had signed a few years back in order to decrease theirrespective nuclear weapons in contrast to the reluctance of GeorgeBush for signing such a new treaty of arms reduction with Russia.Barack Obama is treating Russia more as a friend since he came to thehelm in USA. Russia feels this is a very good sign. Thus signing a nuclear weapons reduction treaty is some thingthat Russia and the United States are hoping to do as soon as possible.President Barack Obama visited Russia in 2009 to sign a new treatywith Russia to replace the START-I treaty which had run out a fewmonths back and which had not been renewed by the formerPresident, George Bush. President Obama began the tour with a wrongmove. He tried to play off Putin and Medvedev against each other andfailed miserably. Obama had been overconfident in trying out a movelike that at this crucial time, especially in a place where even theslightest move is scrutinized in detail under a microscope.

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