Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
21Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
05 Osmoregulation

05 Osmoregulation

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,052 |Likes:
Published by Joel Topf

More info:

Published by: Joel Topf on Oct 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/26/2013

pdf

text

original

 
87
S. Faubel and J. Topf5 Osmoregulation
 5
 5Osmoregulation
 
88
The Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Companion
Introduction
Osmoregulation is the maintenance of a consis-tent plasma osmolality.
Osmoregulation is the maintenance of a consistent plasma osmolality.Plasma osmolality is the concentration of all the solutes (electrolytes andnonelectrolytes) in plasma. Plasma osmolality is normally between 285 and295 mmol/L.
The following chapters on Hyponatremia andHypernatremia, examine the pathophysiol-ogy, differential diagnosis and treatment of sodium disorders.At the heart of these disordersis a failure of osmoregulation.A solid understanding of osmoregulation will make tacklinghyponatremia and hypernatremia easier.
_____________ is the maintenance of a constant plasma osmolality.Osmolality is a measurement of the _____________ of particles pervolume of water and is commonly expressed as ____________.There are two kinds of solutes in plasma: __________ and___________.Osmoregulationnumbermmol/Lelectrolytesnonelectrolytes
   P
   l
  a
 s
 m
 a
o
 s
m
o
l
a
 y 
r  
f  
r  o  
o
2
 9
 5
m
  m
  o   l
   /
    L
 
89
S. Faubel and J. Topf5 Osmoregulation
If plasma osmolality is high, water osmotically flows from the intracellu-lar compartment into the plasma and interstitial compartments. This move-ment of water causes cells to shrink, disrupting their function.If plasma osmolality is low, water osmotically flows from the plasma andinterstitial compartments into the intracellular compartment. The cells swellfrom the influx of water leading to decreased cellular function and, if se-vere, cell lysis and death.Because of the potentially devastating consequences of abnormalities inplasma osmolality, tight control is important.
Introduction
Changes in plasma osmolality can change cell vol-ume and disrupt cell function.
Osmoregulation is important because fluctuations in plasmaosmolality can cause changes in cell _______.Decreased plasma osmolality causes water to flow _______ cellswhich ________ (increases/decreases) cell volume and disruptsfunction.aaavolumeintoincreases
Consequence of low plasma osmolalityConsequence of high plasma osmolality
celllow plasmaosmolalityswollen cellnormal plasmaosmolalitycellhigh plasmaosmolalityshrunkencellnormal plasmaosmolality

Activity (21)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Chandler McCrury liked this
Sayed Nour liked this
agitent liked this
Julie Lester liked this
edgardo98 liked this
ramanrajesh83 liked this
ludegr liked this
cpliu123 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->