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18 Hypokalemia

18 Hypokalemia

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Published by Joel Topf

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Published by: Joel Topf on Oct 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/15/2013

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485
S. Faubel and J. Topf18 Hypokalemia
18
18 Hypokalemia
 
486
The Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Companion
Introduction
Hypokalemia is a low plasma potassium concen-tration.
Hypokalemia is defined as a plasma potassium concentration less than3.5 mEq/L.Because potassium is necessary for muscle activity and rhythmic cardiaccontraction, recognizing hypokalemia is important. Hypokalemia is a com-mon clinical problem which is often iatrogenic.
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Hypokalemia is a ____________ electrolyte disorder which isoften __________.commoniatrogenic
 
487
S. Faubel and J. Topf18 Hypokalemia
Etiologies
Hypokalemia is due to either decreased intake or in-creased loss of potassium.
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There are two primary causes of hypokalemia:
decreased intake of potassium
increased loss of potassium
Decreased intake of potassium is an uncommon cause of hypokalemiabecause almost all diets are rich in potassium.Increased potassium loss is either from an extra-renal or renal source.
Hypokalemia is due to either decreased potassium __________or increased potassium ______.Potassium losses are divided into renal and _________ sources.intakelossextra-renal

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