The Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Companion
Hyperkalemia is an elevated plasma potassiumconcentration.
Hyperkalemia is defined as a plasma potassium concentration greaterthan 5 mEq/L. Hyperkalemia is a common complication of renal failure.In the absence of renal failure, hyperkalemia is relatively uncommon be-cause the kidneys have the ability to excrete large amounts of potassium.Recognizing hyperkalemia in patients with normal renal function is impor-tant because it is a flag for systemic disorders that might otherwise go un-noticed.
Hyperkalemia is defined as a plasma potassium greater than______ mEq/L.In the absence of _______ ________, hyperkalemia is uncommon.Normally, the kidney can effectively __________ a lot of potassi-um in order to prevent ____________.aaafiverenal failureexcretehyperkalemia
Sometimes, it is useful to convert from milligrams to milliequivalents of potassium.This wasreviewed in Chapter 1,
Moles and Water
. To convert milligrams to milliequivalents, dividethe milligrams by the molecular weight. For example, one serving of orange juice (8 oz)contains 450 mg of potassium; 450 mg
39 is equal to 11.3 mEq of potassium.