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Published by Joel Topf

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Published by: Joel Topf on Oct 26, 2009
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10/27/2012

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575
 Index
Index
 
576
Numbers
0.45% saline 400.9% NaCl 39.
See also
isotonicsalinetreatment of diabetic ketoacido-sis 3470.9% salineproper use 15911 ß-hydroxylaseinhibition by ketoconazole 51411ß- hydroxysteroid dehydroge-nase 50911ß-hydroxylase deficiency 51714 gauge needletreatment of pneumothorax 41317a-hydroxylase deficiency 51621-hydroxylase deficiency 56025% saline 383% saline 41treatment of hyponatremia 169
A
A-a gradient.
See
alveolar-arterialgradientABC’s of first-aid 123abdominal bruit 518abdominal painin Addison's disease 141ABG.
See
arterial blood gasaccessory muscles of respiration411ACE.
See
angiotensin convertingenzymeACE inhibitor 73complication 518diabetes mellitus 73in CHF 85in hyperkalemia 558myocardial infarction 73acetaminophenmolecular weight 18acetatecause of metabolic alkalosis370acetazolamide 129cause of proximal RTA 310acetoacetate 335acetone 335acetylsalicylic acid 353acid maltase deficiencyrespiratory acidosis 412acid-basedisorderevaluation 272metabolic acidosis.
See
metabolic acidosismetabolic alkalosis.
See
metabolic alkalosisprimary 263respiratory acidosis.
See
respiratory acidosisrespiratory alkalosis.
See
respiratory alkalosistwo disorders 274regulation 250The Chapter 249acidemia 250acidosisdefinition 250effect on potassium 474hyperkalemia 548metabolic.
See
metabolicacidosisrespiratory.
See
respiratoryacidosisACTHdiagnosis of excess mineralocor-ticoid activity 391in SIADH 141plasma level 512,513acute demyelinatingpolyneuropathy.
See
GuillainBarré syndromeacute tubular necrosisurinary concentrating ability 119acute-on-chronic respiratoryacidosis 430Addison's disease 559.
See also
adrenal insufficiencyADH.
See
antidiuretic hormoneadjusted weight 4adrenal crisis 142adrenal glandadenoma 506carcinoma 506destruction inAddison's disease141hyperplasia 184,506source of aldosterone 76target for angiotensin II 75adrenal insufficiency.
See also
Addison's diseaseadrenal crisis 142casue of hyponatremia 141cause of hyperkalemia 559false positive sweat chloride test187primary vs secondary 559primary vs. secondary vs.tertiary 141adrenalectomytreatment of adenoma 508adult respiratory distress syndrome58,420afterload 85AIDS.
See also
HIVcause of lactic acidosis 332cause of SIADH 139albumingradient 61plasma expander 43relationship to calcium 255relationship to net filtrationpressure 57albuterol 472hypokalemia 494treatment of asthma 435alcohol dehydrogenase 358role in ethylene glycol toxicity361role in methanol toxicity 360alcohol withdrawalcausing hypokalemia 494alcoholic ketoacidosis 340alcoholismcause of hypokalemia 488aldosterone 77,479dependence on distal flow 500low levels 556primary hyperaldosteronism 506role in potassium regulation 479role in volume regulation 76stimulation by angiotensin II 75stimuli for release 78aldosterone : renin ratio 507alkalemia 250alkalosiscausing hypokalemia 492definition 250effect on potassium 474
0.45% saline – alkalosis
 
577
effect on pulmonary blood flow459metabolic.
See
metabolicalkalosisrespiratory.
See
respiratoryalkalosisallopurinoltreatment of tumor lysissyndrome 547alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency 420ALS.
See
amyotrophic lateralsclerosisalveolar minute ventilation 402alveolar-arterial gradientcalculation 418in evaluation of respiratoryacidosis 434use in respiratory alkalosis 460alveolirole in respiration 417amenorrhea, primarycongenital adrenal hyperplasia516amiloride 129,561.
See also
potassium sparing diureticscause of distal RTA 313aminoglycosiderespiratory acidosis 412amiodaronecause of hypothyroidism 140interstitial lung disease 420amitriptylinecause of SIADH 139ammonia 301amphotericin Bcause of distal RTA 315hypokalemia 521ampule 37ampulla of Vater 289amylasein diabetic ketoacidosis 344amyloidosiscause ofAddison's disease 141cause of Fanconi's syndrome309interstitial lung disease 420amyotrophic lateral sclerosisrespiratory acidosis 407anemiacause of lactic acidosis 331cause of respiratory alkalosis445Fanconi’s 309iron deficiency from clay 489megaloblastic 491sickle cell 238anestheticrespiratory acidosis 407angiotensin converting enzyme 72levels 73angiotensin I 72angiotensin IIdeficiency in hypoaldosteronism558role in volume regulation 75angiotensin II antagonistsin hyperkalemia 558anion 20anion gapdefinition 21plasma 281urine 302,321anion gap metabolic acidosiscomplications 362mechanism 326plum seeds 327The Chapter 325treatment 363ankylosing spondylitisinterstitial lung disease 420anorexia nervosahypokalemia 488ANP.
See
atrial natriuretic peptideanticholinergic drugs 118antidiuretic hormone 99,226arginine vasopressin 102coagulation factors 227effect on collecting tubule 104in water restriction test 243production 102role in hyponatremia 121role in osmoregulation 94role in volume regulation 80stimuli for release 103,226antifreeze 361.
See also
ethyleneglycolantipsychotic medicationscause of SIADH 139effect on thirst 222antithrombin III 131anxietycause of respiratory alkalosis443,448apnea of prematurity 407appropriateADH release 123ARDS.
See
adult respiratorydistress syndromearginine vasopressin 102.
Seealso
antidiuretic hormonearrhythmiashyperkalemia 563hypocalcemia 364,547hypokalemia 528metabolic acidosis 362prevention with calcium 571respiratory alkalosis 457arterial blood gas 272in A-a gradient 418in diabetic ketoacidosis 344in respiratory acidosis 434respiratory alkalosis 461asbestosinterstitial lung disease 420ascites 55definition 61evaluation by albumin gradient61aspiration pneumonia 415aspirin 353cause of hyperventilation 443free vs. bound 354molecular weight 359treatment of overdose 356assist controlventilator setting 450asthma 415,472cause of SIADH 139definition 416respiratory alkalosis vs. acidosis416treatment 435atelectasis 420cause of SIADH 139ATP 329atrial natriuretic peptide 81Avogadro’s number 10AZT 332
B
B-12 475bananapotassium content 488
allopurinol – banana

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