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Encyclopedia of Knots

Encyclopedia of Knots

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Published by Fuat TİMUR
BASIC KNOTS ............................................................................................................................................. 2 KNOT SECURITY .......................................................................................................................................... 3 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF KNOT TYING........................................................................................................ 5 SQUARE KNOT ......................................
BASIC KNOTS ............................................................................................................................................. 2 KNOT SECURITY .......................................................................................................................................... 3 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF KNOT TYING........................................................................................................ 5 SQUARE KNOT ......................................

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Published by: Fuat TİMUR on Oct 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/03/2012

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Basic Knots
The knots demonstrated on the following pages are those most frequently used, and areapplicable to all types of operative procedures. The camera was placed behind thedemonstrator so that each step of the knot is shown as seen by the operator. For clarity,one-half of the strand is purple and the other white.
 
The purple working strand isinitially held in the right hand 
.
The left-handed person may choose to study thephotographs in a mirror.1.
Simple knot:
incomplete basic unit2.
Square knot:
completed knot3.
Surgeon's or Friction knot:
completed tension knot
 
Knot Security 
The knots demonstrated on the following pages are those most frequently used, and areapplicable to all types of operative procedures. The camera was placed behind thedemonstrator so that each step of the knot is shown as seen by the operator. For clarity,one-half of the strand is purple and the other white.
 
The purple working strand isinitially held in the right hand 
.
The left-handed person may choose to study thephotographs in a mirror.1.
Simple knot:
incomplete basic unit2.
Square knot:
completed knot3.
Surgeon's or Friction knot:
completed tension knot
Knot Security
 The construction of ETHICON* sutures has been carefully designed to produce theoptimum combination of strength, uniformity, and hand for each material. The term
hand 
 is the most subtle of all suture quality aspects. It relates to the feel of the suture in thesurgeon's hands, the smoothness with which it passes through tissue and ties down, theway in which knots can be set and snugged down, and most of all, to the firmness or bodyof the suture.
 Extensibility
relates to the way in which the suture will stretch slightlyduring knot tying and then recover. The stretching characteristics provide the signal thatalerts the surgeon to the precise moment when the suture knot is snug.Multifilament sutures are generally easier to handle and to tie than monofilament sutures,however, all the synthetic materials require a specific knotting technique. Withmultifilament sutures, the nature of the material and the braided or twisted constructionprovide a high coefficient of friction and the knots remain as they are laid down. Inmonofilament sutures, on the other hand, the coefficient of friction is relatively low,resulting in a greater tendency for the knot to loosen after it has been tied. In addition,monofilament synthetic polymeric materials possess the property of memory.
 Memory
isthe tendency not to lie flat, but to return to a given shape set by the material's extrusionprocess or the suture's packaging. The RELAY* suture delivery system delivers sutureswith minimal package memory due to its unique package design.

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