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07/20/2013

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Teaching & learning
Form 4
CHAPTER 9
NAME:………………………………………………….FORM :…………………………………………………
Date received : ………………………………Date complete ………………………….Marks of the Topical Test : ……………………………..
Prepared by :Additional Mathematics DepartmentSek Men Sains Muzaffar Syah MelakaFor Internal Circulations Only
CALCULUS1
y
=
uv
,
dxduvdxdvudxdy
+=
2.
vu y
=
,
2
vdxdvudxduvdydx
=
,3
dxdududydxdy
×=
1

Students will be able to:
1. Understand and use the concept of gradients of curve and differentiation.1.1 Determine the value of a function when its variable approaches a certain value.1.2 Find the gradient of a chord joining two points on a curve.1.3 Find the first derivative of a function
=
(
), as the gradient of tangent to its graph.1.4 Find the first derivative of polynomials using the first principles.1.5 Deduce the formula for first derivative of the function
=
(
) by induction.
1.1 Determine the value of a function when its variable approaches a certain value
.
limit
a x
f(x) is the value of f(x) when x approaches the value of aExample 1
Find the limit for each question below

(a) =
x x
)2.0( lim
0
(b)=
x
x
)2.0( lim
c) =
x x
)2.0( lim
2
d) =
x x
)2.0( lim
2
e)
=+
nn
n
20
31lim
(f)
n
lim
n
)3

1(
=(g)
x
lim
21
x
+

4
x
=h)
=+
nn
n
23
31lim

Exercises 1
:
Find the limit for each question below

a)
nn
n

++
221lim
0
b
)
nn
n
++
221lim
c)
nn
n
++
221lim
2
d)
24lim
20
nn
x
e)
242lim
2
nn
n
(SPM97) f )
x
lim
24
2
nn g)
x
lim
1432
22
++
x x xh)
x
lim
33
5434
nnn
+
I)
3
lim
x
36
2
++
x x x
Homework : Text Book Exercise 9.1.1page 198
2
1.2 Find the gradient of a chord joining two points on a curve

Example 2 : Determine the gradient of the cord AB as shown below
(a) y y=2x
2
32--------------B--.8------- A
0 2 4
(b) y y=x
2
+110--------------- -F 2----------E  x0
1 3
(c) y
4
2
=
x y5------------------ B3-4 A
3

1.3 Finding the first derivative of a function
=
(
), as the gradient of tangent to its graph.Complete the table below and hence determine the first derivative of the function
= x
2
Point Q (x
2,
y
2)
x
2
y
2
x
2
-x
1
y
2 -
y
1

PQ

6, then the gradient at point
= 6so , the gradient of the tangent at
=
0
lim
x
δ
dxdydx y
=
δ
= 6 at
= 3.

x
y
=
x
2
y
Q
(3.05 , 9.30)
P(3
9)
Tangent at