ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY
For example, if the behavior of a coating on a metal when in salt water is required, by the appropriate use of impedance spectroscopy, a value of resistance and capacitance for the coating can be determined through modeling of the electrochemical data. The modeling procedure uses electrical circuits built from components such as resistors and capacitors to represent the electrochemical behavior of the coating and the metal substrate. Changes
in the values for the individual components indicate their behavior and
performance. Impedance spectroscopy is a non-destructive technique and so can provide time dependent information about the properties but also about ongoing
processes such as corrosion or the discharge of batteries and e.g. the
electrochemical reactions in fuel cells, batteries or any other electrochemical process.