was born in October 8
.She was a thin and spoiled girl, and hadvery bad habits of eating [which laterhelped her survive in Auschwitz…].
In September 1
1939, a monthbefore her 18
birthday, the warbroke.
Her mother died while they were in theBendzin ghetto.August 1
, 1943: her brother Dov wasdeported to Auschwitz.August 3
, 1943: Rachela and her fatherwere deported to Auschwitz.Her father Leibek was sent to the gaschambers, on his 53
birthday...Rachela got a tattooed number on her leftarm –
, and was later pushed by herbrother's girlfriend to join the women'sorchestra of Auschwitz, A-Lager, Block 15.Rachela was 21 years old. Since then andfor 15 months she was playing themandolin to survive. [The conductor of thewomen's orchestra of Auschwitz was thefamous Alma Rose’, the daughter of Gustav Mahler's sister Justineand of
Arnold Rosé. Rosé had been the conductorof a women's orchestra in her hometownof Vienna.]
On October 7
, 1944, two days after hebecame 27, Rachela’s brother Dov waskilled while taking part in the
's revolt.November 2
, 1944: The Jewish girls of the women's orchestra were deported bytrain to
, 1945: The British armyliberates Bergen-Belsen.
Rachela and some of her friends started towalk to Eretz-Israel. They reached as faras 20 km, to
. There, at the office of the Celle Jewish Committee, they met theirfuture husbands. January 15
, 1946: Rachela [who was then24 years old] married
, the first chairman of the Jewishcommunity of Celle after 1945, and aprominent figure in the
Jewish CentralCommittee of Bergen-Belsen
. Thewedding took place at the reconstructedCelle synagogue, and the Rabbi whomarried them was Rafael's brother, thefamous
Celler Rabbi, Rabbi Israel-Moshe Olewski.
, 1947: Rachela gave birth toher daughter
in Bergen-Belsen DP camp.April 3
, 1949: Rafael, Rachela and Jochimade Aliya to Israel.December 24
, 1950: Rachela gave birthto her son [Yehuda]
.She was a loyal aid to her husband Rafael,who was the Chairman of the Bergen-Belsen survivors' Organization [
] in Israel, and Vice-President of the World Federation of Bergen-Belsensurvivors. He died in November 1981.April 1985: Rachela traveled with Jochi andArie to Germany and Poland, within thecontext of celebrating 40 years of liberation from Bergen-Belsen.She arrived to Auschwitz and tried in veinto find her Block and her brother's lettersto her, which she had hid near the block.She also went to Bendzin and visited herhome in Malachowskiego st. 10.
Rachela died of cancer at the age of 65 in August 17