Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
"Crying is Forbidden Here". Women's orchestra of Auschwitz – New Testimony

"Crying is Forbidden Here". Women's orchestra of Auschwitz – New Testimony

Ratings: (0)|Views: 979|Likes:
In the dark world of 65 years ago, in the shadow of Auschwitz gas chambers and crematoria, a group of women stood and played music. Rachela (Rachel) Zelmanowicz was there too, a skinny and frightened girl. Her detailed testimony out of the "other planet" of death is published now.
Contact: Arie Olewski, P.O.Box 8199, 61081 Tel-Aviv, Israel
E-Mail: ariolew@gmail.com
In the dark world of 65 years ago, in the shadow of Auschwitz gas chambers and crematoria, a group of women stood and played music. Rachela (Rachel) Zelmanowicz was there too, a skinny and frightened girl. Her detailed testimony out of the "other planet" of death is published now.
Contact: Arie Olewski, P.O.Box 8199, 61081 Tel-Aviv, Israel
E-Mail: ariolew@gmail.com

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Odded Ritz עודד ריץ on Oct 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
"Crying is Forbidden Here!"Women's orchestra of Auschwitz – New Testimony
In the dark world of 65 years ago, in the shadow of Auschwitz gas chambers and crematoria, a groupof women stood and played music. Rachela (Rachel) Zelmanowicz was there too, a skinny andfrightened girl. Her detailed testimony out of the "other planet" of death is published now.Rachel Zelmanowicz was born in Bendzin, Poland, 8 October 1921. On September 1
st
1939, a monthbefore her 18
th
birthday, war broke out. Her studies in the High school ended. Rachela lived in theghetto until she was deported to Auschwitz with her father and brother. Her father was murdered thesame day they arrived to Auschwitz, which was also his birthday.A shy girl, who played the mandolin only in the elementary school, she was pushed by her brother'sfiancée to join the orchestra at Auschwitz, conducted by well-known violinist Alma Rose'. Alma and theorchestra were the only chance of Rachela to escape certain death. Rachela played in great fear asshe never played. Outside, death raged as Dr. Mengele was selecting people, but in the Block theorchestra was rehearsing. Her brother took part in the Sonderkommando prisoners' revolt, and wasmurdered right after the failure of the revolt.At the end of 1944 the Jewish girls of the orchestra were deported to Bergen-Belsen, where hungerand disease were taking lives of tens of thousands of peoples. In April 1945 the British army releasedthe notorious camp, and started a fierce struggle to save the rest of the survivors from dying of starvation and disease.Rachela sought to immigrate to Palestine, but on her way she met Raphael Olewski, a handsomeyoung man of a distinguished rabbinical family from Poland. He was one of the prominent leaders of the survivors of Bergen-Belsen. They married and gave birth to their daughter Yochi. In 1949 theZionist family came to Israel, and here was born their son Arie. The story of the women's orchestrawas unknown for years, until in the 1980s people started to deal with it in literarture, theater, radioand TV. Some books, plays and opera told the story of these amazing women's group. The first bookwas written in France by one of the survivors, later a play was written by Shmuel Hasfari, andHollywood produced a film with the British actress Vanessa Redgrave.In recent years, an extensive academic research about "Women in the Holocaust" was witnessed.Israeli Raanana Symphonette Orchestra dedicated concert series to the story of this special orchestraand its legendary conductor, Alma Rose'.Rachela Zelmanowicz-Olewski was interviewed by Yad Vashem and gave detailed testimony. Now herson and daughter made the testimony public, translated it into English and added some fascinatingphotos and documents, including a 60 years old "Hello from Hell" – an index working card of Rachelarecorded by the SS in Auschwitz. The testimony sheds light on the fascinating phenomenon that took place in the darkness of "otherplanet" of Auschwitz, and adds an authentic first-hand description for academic research in Israel andabroad. The first edition of testimony in Hebrew and English was published privately and was printed courtesyof Bank Leumi at the Open University of Israel in Ra'anana.ISBN 978-965-91217-2-4 in English September 2009 There is also a book in Hebrew.Arie OlewskiP.O. Box 819961081 Tel-AvivIsraelE-Mail:ariolew@gmail.com 
Arie Olewski, P O Box 8199, 61081 Tel-Aviv, Israelariolew@gmail.com
 
RACHELA OLEWSKI[ZELMANOWICZ]1921-1987
RachelaZelmanowicz
was born in October 8
th
,1921 in
Bendzin, Poland
.She was a thin and spoiled girl, and hadvery bad habits of eating [which laterhelped her survive in Auschwitz…].
In September 1
st,
1939, a monthbefore her 18
th
birthday, the warbroke.
Her mother died while they were in theBendzin ghetto.August 1
st
, 1943: her brother Dov wasdeported to Auschwitz.August 3
rd
, 1943: Rachela and her fatherwere deported to Auschwitz.Her father Leibek was sent to the gaschambers, on his 53
rd
birthday...Rachela got a tattooed number on her leftarm –
52816
, and was later pushed by herbrother's girlfriend to join the women'sorchestra of Auschwitz, A-Lager, Block 15.Rachela was 21 years old. Since then andfor 15 months she was playing themandolin to survive. [The conductor of thewomen's orchestra of Auschwitz was thefamous Alma Rose’, the daughter oGustav Mahler's sister Justineand o Arnold Rosé. Rosé had been the conductorof a women's orchestra in her hometownof  Vienna.] On October 7
th
, 1944, two days after hebecame 27, Rachela’s brother Dov waskilled while taking part in the
Sonder-Kommando
's revolt.November 2
nd
, 1944: The Jewish girls of the women's orchestra were deported bytrain to
Bergen-Belsen
.
April 15
th
, 1945: The British armyliberates Bergen-Belsen.
Rachela and some of her friends started towalk to Eretz-Israel. They reached as faras 20 km, to
Celle
. There, at the office of the Celle Jewish Committee, they met theirfuture husbands. January 15
th
, 1946: Rachela [who was then24 years old] married
Rafael Olewski
[31], the first chairman of the Jewishcommunity of Celle after 1945, and aprominent figure in the
 Jewish CentralCommittee of Bergen-Belsen
. Thewedding took place at the reconstructedCelle synagogue, and the Rabbi whomarried them was Rafael's brother, thefamous
Celler Rabbi, Rabbi Israel-Moshe Olewski.
March 15
th
, 1947: Rachela gave birth toher daughter
 Jochi
[Jochevet-Rivka], atthe
Glyn-Hughes hospital
in Bergen-Belsen DP camp.April 3
rd
, 1949: Rafael, Rachela and Jochimade Aliya to Israel.December 24
th
, 1950: Rachela gave birthto her son [Yehuda]
Arie
.She was a loyal aid to her husband Rafael,who was the Chairman of the Bergen-Belsen survivors' Organization [
She'eritHapleta
] in Israel, and Vice-President of the World Federation of Bergen-Belsensurvivors. He died in November 1981.April 1985: Rachela traveled with Jochi andArie to Germany and Poland, within thecontext of celebrating 40 years oliberation from Bergen-Belsen.She arrived to Auschwitz and tried in veinto find her Block and her brother's lettersto her, which she had hid near the block.She also went to Bendzin and visited herhome in Malachowskiego st. 10.
Rachela died of cancer at the age of 65 in August 17
th
, 1987.
Arie Olewski, P O Box 8199, 61081 Tel-Aviv, Israelariolew@gmail.com

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->