ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
1.What is Ecology?
-house or place to live; home
Study of organisms at home or in places where they live.
Total relations of the animal to its inorganic and organic environment (Ernst aec!el"#$%&'
Study of plants and animals in relation to their environment.
Scientific atural istory ()harles Elton"#&*+'
Scientific study of the interactions that determine the a,undance and distri,ution of organisms through space and time(re,s"#&$'
Study of the structure and function of nature (/dum"#&%0'
Study of the relationship ,etween living things and their environment.
1 composite entity "incorporating natural sciences and social sciences 2t also involves history math and statistics" technology" ,usiness and management" law" ethics" philosophy" religion" morality" and aesthetics
2.Subdivisions of Ecology:
-deals with the study of the individual organism"its life history"
,ehavior "characteristics and its adaptation to the environment.*.*
-deals with the study of groups of organisms which are associated as a unit in relation to its environment.
3.Why do we have to elate to the suoundings?
Relate(interact--------Survive3334istri,ution----------5erpetuation 6666666 6666666666 Reproduce 1,undance
!.Levels of Ogani"ation
#.$nteaction in an ecosyste%&'abiotic and biotic factos(
relationship among physical factors in the environment.*
-interactions7relationships among ,iotic factors in the community.0
-relationship ,etween living and non-living things in a community.%.
-indicates a comple8 of coordinated or organi9ed units
1ny-spatial or organi9ational unit made up of living organisms and non-living su,stances or conditions that interact to produce and e8change materials and energy.