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Table Of Contents

1.1Introduction
1.2Concepts and designations
1.3Operation and control
1.4The control action
1.5Construction of controllers
1.6Analog and digital controllers
1.6.1Signal types
1.6.2Fundamental differences
1.7Manipulating devices
1.8Other methods of achieving constant values
1.8.1Utilizing physical effects
1.8.2Constructional measures
1.8.3Maintaining constant values by operation
1.9Main areas of control engineering
Fig. 13: Main areas of control engineering
1.10Tasks of the control engineer
2.1Dynamic action of technical systems
2.2Processes with self-limitation
2.3Processes without self-limitation
2.4Processes with dead time
2.5Processes with delay
2.5.1Processes with one delay (first-order processes)
2.5.2Processes with two delays (second-order processes)
2.5.3Processes with several delays (higher-order processes)
2.6Recording the step response
2.7Characteristic values of processes
2.8Transfer coefficient and working point
3.1Introduction
3.2P controller
3.2.1The proportional band
3.2.2Permanent deviation and working point
3.2.3Controllers with dynamic action
3.3I controller
3.4PI controller
3.5PD controller
Fig. 41: Block diagram of the PID controller
4.1Operating methods for control loops with continuous controllers
4.2Stable and unstable behavior of the control loop
4.3Setpoint and disturbance response of the control loop
4.3.1Setpoint response of the control loop
4.3.2Disturbance response
4.4Which controller is best suited for which process?
4.5Optimization
4.5.1The measure of control quality
Fig. 46: The measure of control quality
4.5.2Adjustment by the oscillation method
4.5.3Adjustment according to the transfer function or process step response
4.5.4Adjustment according to the rate of rise
Fig. 49: Adjustment according to the rate of rise
4.5.5Adjustment without knowledge of the process
4.5.6Checking the controller settings
5.1Discontinuous and quasi-continuous controllers
5.2The discontinuous controller
5.2.1The process variable in first-order processes
5.2.3The process variable in processes without self-limitation
5.3Quasi-continuous controllers: the proportional controller
5.4Quasi-continuous controllers: the controller with dynamic action
5.4.1Special features of the switching stages
5.5Controller with two outputs: the 3-state controller
5.5.1Discontinuous controller with two outputs
5.5.3Quasi-continuous controller with two outputs and dynamic action
5.5.4Comments on controllers with two outputs
5.6The modulating controller
5.7Continuous controller with integral motor actuator driver
6.1Base load
6.2Power switching
6.3Switched disturbance correction
6.4Switched auxiliary process variable correction
Fig. 69: Switched auxiliary process variable correction
6.5Coarse/fine control
6.6Cascade control
6.7Ratio control
6.8Multi-component control
7.7Fuzzy logic
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Control Engineering - A Guide for Beginners

Control Engineering - A Guide for Beginners

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Published by thestarkid
Engineering
Engineering

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Published by: thestarkid on Apr 07, 2014
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05/15/2014

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