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Published by sohrab
An english translation of Iranian Novel "Boof e Koor" or "Bilind Owel".
An english translation of Iranian Novel "Boof e Koor" or "Bilind Owel".

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Published by: sohrab on Feb 25, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Blind Owl
Sadegh Hedayat
Traslated to English By
Iraj Bashiri
Sadeq Hedayat's Life Iraj Bashiri
The Blind Owl 
Sadegh Hedayat
 "The Message of The Blind Owl" A Personal Note Iraj Bashiri
 Analysis Iraj Bashiri
Sadeq Hedayat's Life
Iraj Bashiri
Like that of most writers, Sadeq Hedayat's biographyis not free from controversy. Indeed, increasinglynumerous interpretations of his thoughts, words, anddeeds have made a retrospection of his life especiallycomplicated. To avoid the difficulties of monolithicallydescribing an enigmatic figure like Hedayat, we shallessay his life as factually as we can. This account willinclude his travels, professional activities, andauthorship. In subsequent chapters of this study we shalldescribe his learning and whether he realized theaspirations of his life, given Iranian circumstances inthe nineteen thirties and forties.Hedayat was born in Tehran on Februarynorthern Iranian aristocratic family.
, to aafter his paternal grandfather (Nayyer al-Mulk).According to his brother, Mahmud, Sadeq was the center ofthe family's attention:Throughout his childhood, my brother Sadeq was lovedby all the members of the family, the children as well asthe adults. His childish antics and his sweet andpleasant speech amused us all. Around the age of five orsix, well before the expected time, he became calm andcollected. He no longer displayed any desire for childishpranks. Rather he became an introvert avoiding thecompany of other children.
He was named SadeqAt the age of six, Hedayat was sent to the 'Elmiyehschool where he studied until the end of his elementaryschool years. Then, about
, He joined the Dar al-Fonun where he began to receive a Western education underthe supervision of European teachers. Soon, however, helost the desire to pursue a rigorous course of Study.
Mathematics and its allied subjects bored him. He Optedfor learning French instead. His family then registeredhim at the Saint Louis Academy.In his late teens, Hedayat broke with his family;although he occupied a room in his ancestral home
formost of the rest of his life in Iran, he did notparticipate in his family's social life. Nor did he seek,during his school days or later, to use his family'sgreat influence to secure himself a lucrative position.His "new" life at the Saint Louis Academy consistedof studying the lives of great men of the past andlearning French and English. In order to receive currentand pertinent Western literary materials, he begancorresponding with relevant European literary circles.They, in turn, supplied Hedayat with the titles that heneeded. "Knowledge of the Unknown" seems to have been hismain interest at the time--the books he read were on theastrolabe, on the art of divining and about the occult
(ruh shenasi)
. He also wrote. For example, he alone wrotethe entire school newspaper, published it, anddistributed it. To this paper he contributed such piecesas "Zaban-i Hal-i yek Olaq dar Vaqt-i Marg" ("The SilentLanguage of a Donkey at the Time-of Death"). Some ofthese early writings which now exist only in thenewspapers and journals of the time must be included inthe new editions of
Neveshteha-i Parakandeh
(ScatteredNotes). He graduated from the Saint Louis Academy in
.Hedayat completed research on and published his firststudy ofUmar Khayyam, entitled "Ruba'iyyat-i Hakim UmarKhayyam" ("The Quatrains of the Philosopher UmarKhayyam"), in
when he was twenty years of age. Thiswas during the final years of the Qajar dynasty, thedynasty in which his family held high offices close tothe court.Hedayat's study of Khayyam led him to examine thephilosophies of two other Aryans, Zoroaster and theBuddha. In
, he published his first impressions in abrief study entitled "Ensan va Heyvan," ("Man andAnimal"). Like Zoroaster's "Gatha of the Ox Soul," "Ensanva Heyvan" is primarily a defense of the animal kingdomagainst the ravages of man. And as do the dictates of theBuddha, it condemns the killing of animals for anypurpose. Personally convinced, later on Hedayat became avegetarian himself and remained a vegetarian to the endof his life (see below).

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