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The Oredigger Issue 22 - April 7, 2014

The Oredigger Issue 22 - April 7, 2014

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Published by The Oredigger
The Oredigger, Volume 94, Issue 22
The Oredigger, Volume 94, Issue 22

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Published by: The Oredigger on Apr 07, 2014
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 Volume 94, Issue 22 April 7, 2014
 The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
 w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
E-Days 4Opinion 7Features 4News 2
50 year anniver-sary of Good Friday EarthquakeLearn how to make Mrs. Fields CookiesMAC defends USG’s decision to increase feePhoto recap of 2014 Galax-Edays
Katerina Gonzales
Content Manager 
 The E-Days carnival provides a place to eat and be merry; however, for some, the carnival is a chance to return to old stomping grounds. The Oredigger caught up with Shamus McNutt, a Mines alum and cofounder of Belong Designs, at the E-Days carnival.
What inspired you to start
Mines alums pursue passion
Mines alumni advertise new company Belong Designs at E-Days Carnival on Saturday.
So we started about eight months ago at School of Mines. We were
sitting through our final year of engi-
neering classes and kind of realized, “What are we passionate about in life?” Skiing, snowboarding, helping others follow their true passions, and when you follow that passion, you “Belong”, and that birthed Belong Designs. And so right now we are making apparel. We make hoodies, hats, shirts...we started to make outerwear jackets, and we’ll be in full production of these in about a month and have them in August. And yeah, we have been sponsoring events: we sponsor fourteen athletes, a few Mines athletes actually, from slacklin-ers to skiers to snowboarders. We’re looking to go full-time in about a year. So we’ll start our own headquarters in the Highlands, and hopefully start hiring some Mines grads. We’re making long boards right now, and we’ll be starting skis and snow-boards in about a few months. Yeah, we’re looking to expand.
How does having engineers
benefit the business?
Being from Mines, you have that technical background, and honestly when people ask me “What’s the most valuable thing you gained from going to Mines?”, it’s not the classes
Continued at
 Belong Designs
 on Page 3
On March 5th, Dr Ryan Davison of the American Chemical Society (ACS) came to speak about how science-related political policy is made. Davison is the Advocacy Manager in the ACS’s
Offi ce of Public Affairs, which means it
is his job to educate legislators about the issues pertinent to science and engineering. The ACS is the largest
scientific society in the world, so it often
serves as the voice of the scientist on Capitol Hill.Davison began with a quick over-view of how the legislative branch of the government works. The Senate - controlled, at the moment, by the Democrats - places each state on equal footing, regardless of popula-
 ACS lecturer discusses interac-tion between science and policy
tion. Every state has two senators, who serve for terms of six years. The House of Representatives, which is controlled by the Republicans at the
moment, has a fixed limit of members,
which are then broken up by relative population proportions. In other words, both Wyoming and California have two senators each, but California holds 53 seats in the House, while Wyoming holds only one. Representatives have two-year terms; four seats are currently open due to deaths or resignations. In order for a law to be passed, both the House and the Senate must agree to it; when the two bodies of legislation are controlled by opposing parties, very little lawmaking gets done. Last year only thirty laws were passed, including a number of symbolic laws - that is, laws without actual meaningful
effects, such as the naming of a public
 The reason for this significant lack
of productivity is because, while the two parties have the same goals, they
approach those goals differently. To
illustrate this, Davison used the recent (and continuing) budget crisis. Each day, he explained, $2.7 billion are added to the national debt. Unem-ployment is at 6.6%, having peaked in 2010 at 10%. In the past, the “debt ceiling” would be raised every time it was reached, without fanfare. This time, however, the parties refused to compromise, leading to an extended shut-down of the government before the passage of the Budget Control Act, which cut $900 billion worth of public spending in exchange for an increase in the debt ceiling. The Republicans refused to cut defense spending while the Democrats refused cut domestic spending. This resulted in “sequestra-tion,” the automatic cutting of the bud-gets of governmental organizations such as the National Science Founda-tion (NSF) and the National Institute of Health, both of which lost 5% of their funding. Only the Department of
Energy (DOE) did not suffer as a result
of the sequestration. The budget cuts
mean less grant money, which affects
schools like Mines, whose students often depend on grants from the NSF, the US Geological Survey (USGS), and other governmental groups to fund their research. Arguments that the one-time infusion of cash in the 2009
stimulus package offset the damage
are faulty; a slow, steady increase in
Continued at
Science and Policy
on Page 3
Hope Sisley
Staff Writer 
n e w s
 april , page 
 w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
Oredigger Staff 
Lucy Orsi
Emily McNair 
Managing Editor 
Taylor Polodna
Design Edito
Connor McDonald
Lucy Orsi
Business Manager 
Arnaud Filliat
Copy Editor 
Katerina Gonzales
Content Manager 
Jared Riemer 
Content Manager 
Karen Gilbert
Faculty Advisor 
Headlines from around the world
Local News
Mines students are invited to an open house concerning the in-tersection of highway 6 and 19th Street. CSM has pledged $1 mil-lion to the $25 million project due
to how much this project affects
student life. A community meeting will be held Monday, April 14 from 6:00-8:00 pm at the Fossil Trace Clubhouse. Students are encour-aged to attend. The Blue Key Honor Society, in collaboration with the Golden Chamber of Commerce, is host-ing a school supply donation drive.  The purpose of the drive, which will be held from April 7th to May 9th, is to collect school supplies for economically disadvantaged chil-dren in Commerce City. Donation boxes can be found at the Golden Chamber of Commerce and on
the first floor of the Student Cen-
ter outside of the Student Activities
offi ce. Donation items may include
notebooks, writing utensils, gently used backpacks, calculators, et cetera. All donations will be greatly appreciated.Senator Scott Gefroe intro-duced a bill in the State Senate to ban red light cameras and photo radar vans within the state of Colorado. While Gefroe previously introduced the bill in 2012, his re-cent attempts have garnered more attention. He has backing from several prominent lawmakers in-cluding Senate President Morgan Carole and House Speaker Mark Ferrandino. The Colorado Rockies will now
take the field to a new theme song.
Emmy Award-winning composer Charles Denler developed the new song “Take the Field.” The piece will be played in full at the begin-ning of every Rockies game and smaller portions of the song will be played during commercials. 80 members of the Colorado Sym-phony Orchestra recorded the piece in February.
Ramiro Rodriguez
, Staff Writer 
Ramiro Rodriguez
, Staff Writer 
La Serena, Chile
 - Re-searchers at the Las Campa-nas Observatory outside of La Serena, Chile, have observed six luminous blue stars in the leading section of the Magel-lanic Stream. The stars are believed to be new, coming from the gas of the Magellanic Clouds, as they are too new to have come from any other place in space. The Magellanic Clouds are two nearby galaxies that unlike other nearby sys-tems in that they are full with gas capable of forming stars. The Supreme Court in a 5-4 decision has
struck down the decades-old aggregate po-litical spending cap
 on a First  Amendment basis. While the $2600 per candidate per election limit is still legal, individuals are no longer limited in the total amount of political contributions that can be made every two years. Justice Breyer, in his dissenting opinion writes that the ruling would allow “a single individual to contribute millions of dollars to a political par-ty or to a candidate’s campaign”.Mississippi has passed Senate Bill 2681, known as
the Missis-sippi Religious Freedom Res-toration Act
. This bill will allow businesses and individuals to deny products or services to an individ-ual or organization if servicing the individual or organization would “substantially burden an indi-vidual’s religious exercise”. LGBT advocacy groups are condemning the bill and drawing comparisons to Arizona’s SB 1062 which failed to pass after a large amount of na-tional outrage regarding the impli-cations of the bill.
Protests against the milita-rization of American law en-forcement
have sparked in re-sponse to the shooting death of a homeless man in Albuquerque
by police offi cers. The shooting was captured on one of the offi -
cer’s helmet cameras and depicts James Boyd, a homeless man being asked to gather his things and leave the foothills outside the city. As he gathered his things, a
flashbang grenade was thrown to-
wards him and he was then shot
by law offi cials. Earlier this week,
protests leading to serial arrests were staged in response to the shooting as well as the city’s claim that the shooting was in self-de-fense.  The European parliament has passed a law that cements net neutrality in Europe and makes it
illegal for mobile phone com-panies to charge roaming fees within EU member states
. This law will make it so that internet service providers within Europe cannot throttle or block packages
from specific sites. One of the ar-
ticles of the originally proposed bill that did not pass is an article outlining methods to enforce net neutrality. In response to the annexa-tion of Crimea,
NATO has an-nounced that it will suspend “all practical civilian and mili-tary cooperation” with Russia
.  This will involve the ending of all cooperation between NATO and Russia, with the exception of the their joint anti-narcotics opera-tions in Afghanistan, as well as de-ployments to reinforce the military assets of NATO member states in Eastern Europe.
Police offi cers in Keller, Texas
have begun
announcing the lo-cation of speed traps to pro-mote safer driving
. This is being done in an attempt to get drivers to slow down in the areas where speed traps normally are instead of only when motorists see a po-lice vehicle. While initially met with skepticism, the response by the public has been overwhelmingly positive. The move has been fol-lowed by the Dallas Police Depart-ment.
Leipzig, Germany 
 - A study coming from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences shows that,
similar to adults, infants show a very specific touch receptor is activated in response to stroking at a specific velocity known
as pleasant touch. In infants, pleasant touch corresponds to increased engagement with the device used to create the stroking velocity, in this experiment a paintbrush, as well as a decreased heartbeat. Researchers are linking this to a vital role that touch plays in early childhood development.
Halifax, Nova Scotia
 - Biolo-gist Shelley Adamo of Dalhousie University has discovered a form of sexually transmitted cricket disease that both renders its host infertile but also acts as an aphrodisiac to encourage host transfer. The virus was discovered after some of the crickets under study had stopped producing eggs and were found to have swollen, blue, fat bodies that had hexagonal viral particles inside. In addition to acting as an aphrodi-
siac, the virus also turns off signal-
ing that makes sick crickets appear to be less attractive mating part-ners; normally due to the changes, diseased crickets are seen to be less attractive.
Rome, Italy 
 - Researchers at the Univer-sity of Rome led by Dr. Luciano Less have
confirmed that the ice covered water ocean
of Enceladus is liquid underneath ice rather than wholly ice. The water is kept liquid be-cause of the generation of waves which, in turn, creates internal friction and thus heat. Enceladus is also notable because this ocean is in contact with the moon’s rocky core, which means that elements useful to life such as phosphorus, sulfur, and potas-sium are able to leech into the ocean.
n e w s
 april , page 3
 w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
Katerina Gonzales
Content Manager 
Continued from Page 1
I’ve been through, you know, I don’t exactly remember what I learned in Thermodynamics, but it is how to learn and how to learn
effi ciently, and that’s why it’s great
for Mines grads.
Where do you see Belong going?
I see Belong going pretty big; we’re hoping to grow it to a good-sized company, probably a mid-sized company from a hundred to
five hundred people working for
us. Eventually, sponsoring athletes,
Belong cont.
Hope Sisley
Staff Writer 
 Anchorage, Alaska, 1964. At 5:30 PM on March 27th, Good Fri-day, the ground began to shake. Eyewitness Patrick Sanford’s father stopped his car to see what was wrong with his steering. Airman Pat-rick Hames thought the rumbling he heard was the thump of footsteps at shift change, while James Midlo-thian assumed it was a pilot revving his airplane engines; another airman suggested it was a bomb. Easter lil-
ies began to fall off the shelves on
top of Merry-Rae Brook and her fellow Girl Scouts, who were sell-ing cookies in a grocery store. The cups in Patrick Keulan’s cupboards
50th anniversary of largest earthquake in US
Hope Sisley
Staff Writer 
Science and Policy cont.
sending to the X-Games, sending to the Olympics...you know, really helping develop athletes and mak-ing sure they’re going down the right path in life, and that’s what Belong is about. We kind of want to keep it a clean brand in really following your true passions, with a lot of positivity coming out of the brand.
What’s your favorite E-Days memory?
Oh man, favorite E-Days mem-ory...there’s too many. I would say it would be coming to see Air Dubai and we actually afterwards knew a guy from the band and were hang-ing out with the guys. It was cool to see that.
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Where Great Futures Take Shape Every Day
budget over time would have been much better for funding research.Davison next gave an overview of the committees and legislators most important in deciding science policy. Committees break down the responsibilities of the legislators among smaller groups, each of which is headed by a particular senator or
representative. In an effort to increase
their power, committee chairs often volunteer to take new topics into their committees, leading to some odd agglomerations of committee topics. What began as the House Space Committee in the 1950s has now broadened to Science, Space, and Technology, for instance; its cur-rent chair, Lamar Smith, was a major sponsor of the notorious censorship law SOPA. Other committees that matter to scientists and engineers in-clude the massive House Energy and Commerce Committee and the Sen-ate Commerce, Science, and Trans-portation Committee, whose chair, a moderate and a 6th generation Rock-efeller, is retiring soon.Both the House and the Senate have an Appropriations committee, the oldest and most powerful of the committees, which controls the des-tination for all of the government’s money besides defense; the Budget committee then authorizes the range of money that can be “appropriated” for each destination. In this way, the Budget committee can limit funding, but only Appropriations can increase it. The chair of Senate Appropria-tions, Barbara Mikulski, is also chair of the subcommittee on science. The House Appropriations, too, has a pertinent subcommittee, Commerce, Justice, and Science, headed by Frank Wolf, an NSF-friendly represen-tative who is also retiring soon. Finally, the House Ways and Means Com-mittee, in charge of taxes, Medicare, Social Security, and so on, is about to lose its own moderate chair; Davi-son asserts that, when this happens, there will be “a bloodbath for his seat”. At this point Davison changed topics, discussing recent legislation in
Continued at
began to shake against each other, and a moment later the china hutch fell over. It would not be a good day for dishes. The quake’s epicenter was in Prince William Sound, east of An-chorage. All around the Sound, in  Anchorage, at Elmendorf Air Force Base, in Seward and Kenai and a dozen other small settlements, cup-boards disgorged their contents
onto kitchen floors, parked cars
crashed into each other, power-lines danced and refrigerators were toppled. The shaking lasted several minutes, a rare situation, as most earthquakes are of fairly short dura-tion - about 30 to 40 seconds for a magnitude 6 quake. But this was no magnitude 6 - this was a magni-tude 9.2, the second largest earth-quake ever recorded and the larg-est in North America. The degree of shaking was so strong that the seismographs in the College, AK measuring station could not record the waves, leaving the seismogram
blank until the earth finally calmed
down and the needle, stuck on an unrecordable extreme, could be re-set. At Fort Richardson, Patrick Keu-lan’s mother thought the world was ending and refused to leave the house. Over the sound of breaking glass and masonry, the rumble of moving plates could be heard. Eye-witness Clark Jillson said the roar of the earthquake “sounded to me like I was standing next to a railroad track with a train roaring past.” The shak-ing continued violently, seeming to go on forever. Rocky Plotnick, an-other survivor, described it “like be-ing on a small boat in confused and stormy seas.” Many people who lived through the quake described the trees swaying so violently they seemed to be “laying on the ground one minute and upright the next”. Witness Robert Williams said, “The ground in the front yard looked like water waves.” In Valdez, a babysit-ter had to throw her charges across
a fissure that opened in the floor of
the house she was working at, then  jumped herself, falling and break-ing a rib but making it out alive; the children’s father was swept away with the town’s docks by a massive mudslide triggered by the quake.When it was over, the neighbor-hood of Turnagain had been swal-lowed by a 130-acre landslide, and the waterfronts of Valdez and Seward had collapsed into the sea.  Around 130 to 140 people died as a result of the quake, but only about ten of those were killed thanks to the immediate damage of the earth-quake itself; the vast majority died due to the tsunami waves produced by the quake and the resultant sub-sea landslides These casualties in-cluded beachwalkers in California and Oregon as well as over a hun-dred Alaskans..
Continued at

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