INTRODUCTIONNIGERIA AS A NATION
Nigeria happens to be the most populated country in Africa, with approximately one in sixAfricans being a Nigerian. Nigeria has a population of about 140 million, with over 250different ethnic groups. Yet despite the population Nigeria‘s growth in the usage of computer and ICT sector has been poor.However, computer usage in the Nigerian society today has become much moreimportant as ever. This goes to show that without the use of computer in most spheres of human endeavours, there will be a kind of setback.
COMPUTER AND ITS USES
It cannot be overemphasized how much we need computers to perform our daily activitiesboth at workplace, schools, hospital, home, banks, government parastatals and agencies.In Nigeria today, most people are aware of the need to own or at least use a computer.But the problem is that beyond desktop computing - MS Office, Coreldraw, Pagemaker,scanning and printing - the computers we have are not being fully utilized. To this end, weshall categorically spell out what a computer is all about in the context of the word:“Computer”.A computer means different thing to different individuals and professionals. The Ofordadvanced learner’s dictionary simply defines computer as amachinethat manipulatesdataaccording to a set of instructions.To some, it is an electronic device that receives,
processes, and stores data, and produces a result (output). To some others, a computer is a device that monitors nitrogen in the body during a dive through mathematicalalgorithms. The device allows divers to multilevel dive and extend bottom time beyondwhat a dive table allows. Also to some others, it is a programmable device that performsmathematical calculations and logical operations, especially one that can process, storeand retrieve large data. And finally to someone else, it is machine that manipulates dataaccording to a set of instructions.