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Nmap: A Network and Port Scanner

Nmap: A Network and Port Scanner

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Published by tahinamananjara
guide d'utilisation de nmap
guide d'utilisation de nmap

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Published by: tahinamananjara on Oct 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/02/2010

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1
© David Morgan 2003
nmap:a network and port scanner
David Morgan
© David Morgan 2003
Plain vanilla port scanning—survey a remote machine
try to open a TCP connection on a port
note response
repeat over many ports
repeat over many machines
but how do you know baseline behavior bywhich to judge? . . .
(hint: r.t.f.rfc)
 
2
© David Morgan 2003
3-way handshake
connection establishment’s signature sequence
client sends packet with SYN bit set
server returns packet with SYN & ACK set
client sends packet with ACK set
© David Morgan 2003
What’s SYN? what’s ACK?
TCP HeaderTCP flags field
URG = urgentACK= acknowledgementPSH = pushRST = resetSYN = synchronizeFIN = finish
 
3
© David Morgan 2003
3-way handshake succeeds…
host1host2
     
   T   i  m  e
1
 S Y N =1, A C K =1
A1
if this comes back……port in question is open
© David Morgan 2003
3 port dispositions
it’s open
or it’s closed.
otherwise it’s “filtered”

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