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fistrig6

# fistrig6

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06/14/2009

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THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRONDepartment of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics
LESSON 6:TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIESbyThomas E. PriceDirectory
BeginLesson
1999-2001teprice@uakron.eduLast Revision Date: August 17, 2001

1.Introduction2.The Elementary Identities3.The sum and diﬀerence formulas4.The double and half angle formulas5.Product Identities and Factor formulas6.ExercisesSolutions to Exercises

1. Introduction
An
identity
is an equality relationship between two mathematical expressions. Forexample, in basic algebra students are expected to master various
algbriac factoringidentities
such as
a
2
b
2
= (
a
b
)(
a
+
b
) or
a
3
+
b
3
= (
a
+
b
)(
a
2
ab
+
b
2
)
.
Identities such as these are used to simpliﬂy algebriac expressions and to solve alge-briac equations. For example, using the third identity above, the expression
a
3
+
b
3
a
+
b
simpliﬂies to
a
2
ab
+
b
2
.
The ﬁrst identiy veriﬁes that the equation (
a
2
b
2
) = 0 istrue precisely when
a
=
±
b.
The formulas or trigonometric identities introduced inthis lesson constitute an integral part of the study and applications of trigonometry.Such identities can be used to simpliﬂy complicated trigonometric expressions. Thislesson contains several examples and exercises to demonstrate this type of procedure.Trigonometric identities can also used solve trigonometric equations. Equations of this type are introduced in this lesson and examined in more detail inLesson 7.For student’s convenience, the identities presented in this lesson are sumarized inAppendix A