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What is Relativism
Relativism can be considered as a philosophical stance which assumes that there is always a claim relative to a dependent or an independent parameter. A relative truth, a relative aspect of reality, a belief which is relative to a cause and relativistic ethics come under the dependent parameters category. On the other hand, independent parameters include factors that influence a relativistic stance such as time, gender, religion, location, state of mind and upbringing to name a few.
Varieties of Relativism
There are several varieties of relativism based on all the dependent and independent parameters. Factors such as gender, upbringing or emotional state of an individual may influence him or her to have a relative stance on the truth. Similarly, your religion may also prompt you to have a relative point of view on ethics and metaphysics. There may be several occasions when separate relative stances may get linked to each other. Sometimes, it may be possible that one relative stance is used in order to defend the relative stance on another issue. Also at times, a relative stance on one issue may be used to fulfill two or more purposes. A relativistic stance can generally be of two types, descriptive and normative. Descriptive relativism is a more effective form of relativism as it looks at different existing perspectives and is more realistic. On the other hand, normative relativism also gives an idealistic stance of what should be and can be theoretical.