the means with which out benevolent creator has endowed us, for the moral, religious, civil and literary improvement of our
provided international, national, and regional information on current events. Its editorials opposed slavery and other injustices. It also discussed current issues, such as the proposal by the American Colonization Society to
resettle free blacks in Liberia, a colony established for that purpose in West Africa.
published biographies of prominent blacks, and listings of the births, deaths, and marriages in the African-American community in New York, helping celebrate their achievements. It circulated in 11 states, the District of Columbia,
Haiti, Europe, and Canada.
The newspaper employed 14 to 44 subscription agents, such as David Walker, an abolitionist in Boston.
Cornish left the paper and Russwurm began to promote colonization in Africa for American free blacks, as proposed by the American Colonization Society. His readers did not agree and abandoned the paper, which closed in 1829. It was superseded as
It published between 1829 and 1830.
The Black Press: Soldiers without Swords
(documentary), PBS, 1998, accessed 30 May 2012 2.
The First African-American Newspaper: Freedom's Journal,
Lexington Books, 2007, pp. 43-45 3.
pp. 38-39 4.
New York Divided: Slavery and the Civil War,
2007, New-York Historical Society, accessed 12 May 2012 5.
Rhodes, Jane. "The Visibility of Race and Media History,"
Critical Studies in Mass Communication.
Routledge, 1993, p. 186. 6.
Rhodes (1993), "The Visibility of Race", p. 187 7.
p. 43. 8.
Rhodes (1993), "The Visibility of Race," p. 187 9.
p. 42 10.