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Luis Miguel Ramirez-Moz, A072 377 892 (BIA Mar. 31, 2014)

Luis Miguel Ramirez-Moz, A072 377 892 (BIA Mar. 31, 2014)

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In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) held that grand larceny under Va. Code Ann. 18.2-95 is not a categorical theft-related aggravated felony under INA 101(a)(43)(G) because the statute can be applied to fraud offenses. The Board also stated that the Supreme Court's decision in Descamps v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2276 (2013), overruled Matter of Lanferman, 25 I&N Dec. 721 (BIA 2012), on whether a criminal statute is divisible. The Board concluded, however, that Va. Code Ann. 18.2-95 is divisible under Descamps and that the conviction record demonstrated that the respondent committed a theft- rather than fraud-related offense. The decision was written by Member Patricia Cole.

Looking for IRAC’s Index of Unpublished BIA Decisions? Visit www.irac.net/unpublished/index
In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) held that grand larceny under Va. Code Ann. 18.2-95 is not a categorical theft-related aggravated felony under INA 101(a)(43)(G) because the statute can be applied to fraud offenses. The Board also stated that the Supreme Court's decision in Descamps v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2276 (2013), overruled Matter of Lanferman, 25 I&N Dec. 721 (BIA 2012), on whether a criminal statute is divisible. The Board concluded, however, that Va. Code Ann. 18.2-95 is divisible under Descamps and that the conviction record demonstrated that the respondent committed a theft- rather than fraud-related offense. The decision was written by Member Patricia Cole.

Looking for IRAC’s Index of Unpublished BIA Decisions? Visit www.irac.net/unpublished/index

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Published by: Immigrant & Refugee Appellate Center, LLC on Apr 09, 2014
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06/23/2014

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YACUB, IVAN, ESQ. YACUB LAW OFFICES LC 307 E ANNANDALE RD, Suite 201 FALS CHURCH VA 22042-0000
U.S
  
Executive Oce r Immigration Review
Board of Immiraton Appeals Oce of the Clerk
5107 Leburg Pike Sute 2000 Fls Cc Vrgna 030
SCE Oce of Cef Consel WAS 500 12th St SW, Ma Stop 5902  Wasngton, DC 2056 Name: RAMIREZ MOZ LUIS MIGUEL A 072377892 Date of ths note: 3/31/2014
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For more unpublished BIA decisions, visit www.irac.net/unpublished
Cite as: Luis Miguel Ramirez-Moz, A072 377 892 (BIA Mar. 31, 2014)
 
US Dm of J xecutve Oce '
Imiaon
Revew
Decis f the Brd mmgt Appel Fa
Chuch,
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Fle: A072 37 892 Arlngo, A I re LUIS MIGE RAMIREZ-MOZ
REOA PROCEEDGS APPEA ON BEF F ESPONDEN: Iv Yab Esqre O BEHAL O DS CARG Ste L Chpm Assst Chief Cosel Dae  Noe Se 237(a(2(A(i) I&  At [8 SC§ 127a)(2(A)
AR
31
2014
Coved o agave eloy
(
eed  seto 10a)(43)(F)) (wthdraw) Lodged Se. 237(a))(A)( &N At 8 SC § 227(a)(2(A)(] -Conve o ggravate o
(
ene  seto 0(a)(43)(G) sustaied) APPICAIN eo e respoet  ve an ize o  Savador apels e Je 27 2012 deal of hs moto to emnate hese remov proeeigs The apeal wll be sissed. e Boar revews a Immgrao ges ngs o  r lear eor § 003d(3(i We evew isses o law sreo or judgme de ovo § 1003.(()(i 8 CFR 8 CFR  Ags 2 2008 te resodet ws ovite o gan lare n vioao o a Code  § 825  seteed to 2 years o prisoet (J a  ) I eeiig weher a ovton ales as  ggravted loy r reova urposes e ted Staes Co o Appes r e Fout Crit  whose risio s ase arses lows e aalyial moe se  
Taylr

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495  575 190)
ee lan

Gnzale
9
3d 7 ( ir
5
er is
"ag pp
e us o
 
e
say
denition o e rme rer tha te ts unerlg te resonets partilr voao
 nree
v.
Her
33 S C
6
7
8
6885
(2013). e responet rges ha he ws ot ove o an ggrvaed lo ivovg the prsuat to e egoral proa bese Va Code
n
§ 182-95 n lso aply to  oenses wh do ot ome w seton 01(a(43(G) o he Immgrton d Natonaty At 8 USC § 10)(43(G)
ee an a
at 283;
ae  Garcaa
4 I& N De 3 40 2008 Te Imgrato Jge d tt he orolg isto


 m IKX

y
Cite as: Luis Miguel Ramirez-Moz, A072 377 892 (BIA Mar. 31, 2014)
 
A72 377 82· between a the and a oense is that he occs whout te owner's consent whereas aud occrs with consent that has been unlawly obtaied (IJ. a 2).
a a
at 282;
 atte  Gaaaduga ua
at 440-41 rand arceny under Va. Code A § 8.2-95 ncles al the eements of common law cey, whch are
(I)
the wronl or adlet tain (2) of propey; (3) of aother; (4) wiout his permisson 5) with the ntent to peranently deprive the owner of that propey
lJ
at 2).
B

nea
66 S.E2d 763 65 (Va. 2008) Focusing on he element "wtout hs pesson the Immiration dge concuded tat becase a Code n
§ 182-95 reqres an owner's lack of cosen a Code A§ 8.295 caot appy to aud oenses, as dened n
a
(I. at 2).
ee a a
at 281 He er detemed tha e eemens of Va Code A
§ 18295 mach e elements o secio (a)(43)() o he Act, o wt (1) te tng; (2) of propey; (3) of anoter; (4) wout consent (5) wt intent to deprve e owner of the rhts and benets of ownershp
lJ
at 23).
a a
at 282;
 ae  Gaaadga a
at 441. Since a conviction uder Va Code A § 8.295 s so pshable by "mpisonent r] at east one year, te Imration de hed that the respondent has been convcted of a aravated ony under e cateorcal approach
lJ
at 3). Section (a)(43)() of the Act. e respondent obseves hat rgna cos have nerpreted the grad ceny staute at Va Code
n
§ 18.295 to include when the accsed taes propery wthot he consent of the owner (ie a "cassic te oense), as wel as when te victim voluntiy srrenders his or her propey (e, a "aduent tin)
ee Bt a
at 65
ee a ae
v
de
64 F 3d 11, 1134 (4 Cir 201) (stan hat Va Code An.§ 82-96 (pett larceny) s dvisibe, as it cinalizes boh wronl and adulent takngs of property with the latter oense not constin an agravated lony under e Act). As sch, Va. Code
n
§ 82-95 criminalzes bo condct tat does and conduct that does ot ali as  agravated lonyTe Immraton Jde hus eed n holdng that a conviction uder this statute caegorically quaies as a aravaed lony "the oense s descrbed n section 01(a)(43)() of e Act Snce he Depaent of Homeland Security ("DHS) as not demonsated hat te respondent was coviced o a caeorical crime of voence we must ext decde whether y bass exists to condc a "moded cateorica nuiy of the sor conempaed n
ead

ted tate
544 US. 13 (205) As the Unted Sates Spreme Cot recenty explained, e moded categorcal approach s a ool tat helps couts mpement the categorcal approach by spplyin em with a mechism to denti e "eements of oenses arisn under "dvsble crimn statutes
ee Dea

ted tate
33 S. Ct. 2276, 2285 (203) Under
Dea
he modied categorcal approach applies oy if () e satute o conviction s "divsbe n e sese that t lss multple dscrete oenses as enuerated ateatves or denes a se oense b rerence to dsjctive sets o elements, more  one combiaton of whic coud sppo a onvcton and (2) some (but not all) of those sed oenses or combinations o isnctive eements are  cateoric match to te reevant enec standd
.
Id
at 228 2283 The moded categorical pproah oes
t
appy erey becase te eemens o the crime c sometimes be prove by rerence to
d
tha s the eneri eral standard; in the vew of he
Dea
Cour sch crmes are "overbroad but not "dvsble.
I
a 228586 229092 (emphass added) Thus the Spreme Cort has oveled
 atte  Lanean
25 I& Dec 2 BA 202) n which the Bod he ha a crmna sate s dvisibe rearess of ts srctre  bsed on he elements of the oense, some but 2
Cite as: Luis Miguel Ramirez-Moz, A072 377 892 (BIA Mar. 31, 2014)

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