(born 1950) is professor in stream ecology at the University of Copenhagen and former professor in plant ecology and physiology at the University of Århus. He studies resource acquisition, photosynthesis, growth and grazing losses of phytoplankton, benthic algae and rooted plants in streams, lakes and coastal waters and the role of phototrophs in ecosystem processes. Also, he works with speciﬁc physiological processes, species adaptations and broad-scale patterns of biodiversity and metabolism in different aquatic ecosystems.
(born 1963) is senior scientist in stream ecology at the National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Freshwater Ecology in Silkeborg. He has a PhD from University of Copenhagen on the biological structure of forest streams and the effects of afforestation. His main focus is on macroinverte-brates: their interactions with other biological groups, impor-tance of habitat attributes and impacts of various human pressures such as hydromorphological alterations, pesticides and climate change. Also, he is involved in the assessment of stream quality using biological indicators and the national Danish monitoring programme.
(born 1972) is research scientist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, River Communities Group in the United Kingdom. His PhD from the University College of Cork, Ireland focused on stream macroinvertebrates associated with detritus in catchments of contrasting land use. His present research is on understanding the natural factors and human pressures inﬂuencing macroinvertebrate communities in streams and rivers throughout the UK. Also, he works on predicting the conse-quences of future climate change and radionuclide contamina-tion for macroinvertebrate assemblages in freshwaters.