G.R. Nos. 204819, et al.
many moral convictions relating to the beginning
We do not need to decide on these issue barren
actual facts that can sharpen factual and legal positions. The court cannot make a declaration on the beginning
life. Any declaration on this issue will be fraught with contradictions. Even the
Constitutional Commissioners were not in full agreement; hence, the use
the word conception rather than fertilized ovum in Article II, Section
There were glaring factual inaccuracies peddled during
h . d .
Moreover, declaring the beginning
life complicates future constitutional adjudication. This will have real repercussions on, among others, acceptable medical procedures for ectopic pregnancies,
medical complications as a result
pregnancy resulting from sexual assaults,
and on assisted reproductive technologies.
The petitions have failed to
esent clear cases when the provisions for conscientious objection would truly amount to a violation
religion. They have not distinguished the relationship
conscience and specific religious dogma.
They have not established religious canon that conflict with the general provision
the law. The comments in intervention
in fact raise serious questions regarding what could be acceptable Catholic doctrine on some issues
contraception and sex as only for procreation.
J. Carpio's concurring opinion, p. 3.
the Constitutional Commission No. 32, Vo
, 1986; No. 81, Vol. IV,
, 1986; No. 84, Vol. IV, September
, Vol. IV, September 17, 1986; No.
87, Vol. IV, September 19, 1986.
That the beginning
life is already settl
in the medical community; That a chromosome
found in humans; That the situations when moral dilemma exists are few.
(Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized
implants into parts
organs other than the uterus.)
The American College
Obstetricians and Gynecologiest
Frequently Asked Questions, FAQ155: Pregnancy, http://www.acog.org/
media/For°/o20Patients/faq 155.pdf?dmc= I &ts=20 I 40323T2 I 43090835
accessed on March 24, 2014;
Obstetrics and Gynecology by Charis RB
ed. Published by Wolters Kluwer, accessed through https:
ncy on March 27,
Vitro Fertilization: The
Making Babies (*Assisted Reproductive Technology) by Sher Geoffrey,
al. Skyhouse Publishing 4
Ed. 2013, Chapter 2, p. 33.
pre-eclampsia, seizures, liver
(Assisted reproductive technologies
refer to all ferti
ty treatments in which both eggs and
sperm are handles. In general, ART procedures involve
g eggs from a
ovaries, combining them with
m in the laboratory, and returning them to the
donating them to another woman. They
which only sperm are handled
which a woman takes medicine only to
production without the intention
having eggs retr
Center for Disease
Control and Prevention, What is Assisted Reproductive Technology <http:
107 Yale L.J. 791, 803 (1997).
De Venecia et al. comment-in-intervention,
(G.R. No. 205491), vo