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8-2009 the Great Pyramid

8-2009 the Great Pyramid

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Published by James Bradley
Measurements of the Great Pyramid made simple - guy in the street undertstandable
Measurements of the Great Pyramid made simple - guy in the street undertstandable

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Published by: James Bradley on Oct 29, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Great Pyramid 
 James L Bradley  August – 2009
 The main attraction at the “Giza Necropolis” on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt is the“Great Pyramid” (“Pyramid of Cheops” / “Khufu’s Pyramid”) the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis – it is the only surviving member of theSeven Wonders of the Ancient World. To this day it has remained and enigma, it is nota tomb, it doesn’t appear to be a monument, yet it was constructed to endure theravages of time. All conventional attempts to find a reason for its existence, otherthan the simple one of a personal monument to Cheops have failed!
A number of bizarre and fantastic alternative theories have been proposed andinvestigated, with some conclusions bordering on science fiction that discuss strangeand inexplicable forces, observing events that defy the laws of physics and molecularbiology, along with unknown energy fields that have an extraordinary effect on thehuman mind. An enigma!Conventional theory holds to the thought that it was constructed as a tomb for the4
dynasty Egyptian King Cheops over a twenty-year period finishing around 2560BCE. It remained the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Itsconstruction is based on man moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging andlifting them into place, a theory that doesn’t sit too well with numerous constructionengineers. There are some basic truths that exist with the Pyramid that no matter when it wasconstructed or how most deal the with math, albeit some of the numbers are simpleanal supplied, there is a group that make little sense and borders on the mysterious –what I intend to do is walk through, not as a mathematical guru but a man in thestreet with a simple curiosity and desire how and why these numbers came about. Iwill make an attempt at keeping it simple, and yet prove that the civilization that builtthis landmark had a pretty good idea what they were doing, and have made an effortto pass the information to those who followed after, either as an educational tool or awarning – take your pick!Our enlightenment begins with the Golden Ratio (Golden Mean) a ratio that hasfascinated intellectuals of diverse interests for at “least” 2,400 years, such asPythagoras and Euclid in Greece and the medieval Italian mathematician “Leonardo of Pisa” (Fibonacci) and the Renaissance astronomer Johannes Kepler along with RogerPenrose a leading physicist of Oxford. As you can see, you and I are walking in thecompany of some impressive members of our civilization, albeit not the same caliberwe’re still walking with them. It is more than fair to say that the “Golden Ratio” hastickled the brains, in all disciplines of science, like no other number in the history of mathematics, now that I did not know. The first written definition of the “Golden Ratio” was provided by Euclid, “a straightline is said to have been
cut in extreme and mean ratio
when, as the whole line is tothe greater segment, so is the greater to the less.Make sense, to me as about muchsense as a pink elephant in a department store.
And what has this to do with the Great Pyramid, well it turns out that its shapeincorporates theGolden Mean, The pyramid has a height of square root of “PHI” (“1.272”) and remember PHI is equalto “1.618034” and a base of 2 (1+1, and each triangular face intersects the ground at anangle of a little less than 52° {arcsin(sqrt (Phi) / Phii}. Further 4/sqrt(PHI)= PI(approximately) 3.144606 and PI is 3.1415927 a difference of over .003013 close forstone blocks. Hang in there, now we understand when they say the circumference of acircle whose radius is the height to the Pyramid is 2 x PI x radius = 2 x 3.1416 x (sqrt (PHI)or 1.272 = 2 x (4/sqrt(PHI)) x sqrt (PHI) = 2 x 4 = 8 and since the parameter of the base of the Pyramid is 2+2+2+2 = 8 - The Great Pyramid approximately squares the circle.Many scholars maintain it was all an accident!Exterior measurements of the Great Pyramid are today very uncertain, because thecasing of limestone blocks have been removed over the years, local construction practicesand some are even in European museums with most of them are now in Cairo, parts of dams, bridges and mosques, such as the Sultan Hasan Mosque.Each side of the Pyramid is about 440 Royal Cubits (a Royal Cubit is 523.5mm or 20.61inches making each side around 755’8.5” or 230.34 meters. The total perimeter of thebase is 3,022’10” (using the standard Royal Cubit). Its height (if it had the capstone)

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