A parameter file is a file that contains a list of initiali$ation parameters and a value for each parameter. 0ou specif% initiali$ation parameters in a parameter file that reflect %our particular installation. Oracle supports the following two t%pes of parameter files:
#erver "arameter Files 1 Binar% version. "ersistent.
nitiali$ation "arameter Files 1 Te2t version. 3ot persistent.
What Is a Server Parameter File?
A server parameter file is a binar% file that acts as a repositor% for initiali$ation parameters. The server parameter file can reside on the machine where the Oracle database server e2ecutes. nitiali$ation parameters stored in a server parameter file are persistent- in that an% changes made to the parameters while an instance is running can persist across instance shutdown and startup.
What Is a Initialization Parameter File?
An initiali$ation parameter file is a te2t file that contains a list of initiali$ation parameters. The file should be written in the client/s default character set. #ample initiali$ation parameter files are provided on the Oracle distribution medium for each operating s%stem. A sample file is sufficient for initial use- but %ou will probabl% want to modif% the file to tune the database for best performance. An% changes will ta,e effect after %ou completel% shut down and restart the instance.
What is System lobal Area !SA"?
The #%stem &lobal Area '#&A( is a memor% area that contains data shared between all database users such as buffer cache and a shared pool of #Q4 statements. The #&A is allocated in memor% when an Oracle database instance is started- and an% change in the value will ta,e effect at the ne2t startup.
What is Pro#ram lobal Area !PA"?
A "rogram &lobal Area '"&A( is a memor% buffer that is allocated for each individual database session and it contains session specific information such as #Q4 statement data or buffers used for sorting. The value specifies the total memor% allocated b% all sessions- and changes will ta,e effect as new sessions are started.
What Is a $ser Acco%nt?
A user account is identified b% a user name and defines the user/s attributes- including the following:
"assword for database authentication
"rivileges and roles
Default tablespace for database ob5ects
Default temporar% tablespace for 6uer% processing wor, space
What Is the &elation o' a $ser Acco%nt an( a Schema?