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Dear Colleague Letter 201401 Title Vi

Dear Colleague Letter 201401 Title Vi

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Published by masslive
In January, the federal government issued to all public school district superintendents a "Dear Colleague Letter," a document that outlines how school officials should deal with civil rights obligations in disciplining students.
In January, the federal government issued to all public school district superintendents a "Dear Colleague Letter," a document that outlines how school officials should deal with civil rights obligations in disciplining students.

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Published by: masslive on Apr 12, 2014
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04/08/2015

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U.S. Department of Justice
Civil Rights Division
 
U.S. Department of Education
Office for Civil Rights
 Notice of Language Assistance Dear Colleague Letter on the Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline
Notice of Language Assistance:
 If you have difficulty understanding English, you may, free of charge, request language assistance services for this Department information by calling 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327) (TTY: 1-800-877-8339), or email us at: Ed.Language.Assistance@ed.gov. 
Aviso a personas con dominio limitado del idioma inglés:
 Si usted tiene alguna dificultad en entender el idioma inglés, puede, sin costo alguno, solicitar asistencia lingüística con respecto a esta información llamando al 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327) (TTY: 1-800-877-8339), o envíe un mensaje de correo electrónico a: Ed.Language.Assistance@ed.gov. 
給英語能 有限 士的通知
:
 
如果您不懂英語,
 
或者使用英
语有困难
,您可以要求獲得向大眾提供的語言協助服務,幫助您理解教育部資訊。這些語言協助服務均可免費提供。如果您需要有關口譯或筆譯服務的詳細資訊,請致電
 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327) (
聽語障人士專線:
 1-800-877-8339),
或電郵
Thông báo dành cho những người có khả năng Anh ngữ hạn chế:
 
                                  ú. C        đề mễ í.    mố b m   ề        , x  lò ọ số 1
-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327) (TTY: 1-800-877-
8339),  eml: 
영어
 
미숙자를
 
위한
 :
 
영어를
 
이해하는
 
 
어려움이
 
있으신
 
경우
,
교육부
 
정보
 
센터에
 
일반인
 
대상
 
언어
 
지원
 
서비스를
 
요청하실
 
 
있습니다
.
이러한
 
언어
 
지원
 
서비스는
 
무료로
 
제공됩니다
.
통역이나
 
번역
 
서비스에
 
대해
 
자세한
 
정보가
 
필요하신
 
경우
,
전화번호
 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327)
또는
 
청각
 
장애인용
 
전화번호
 1-800-877-8339
또는
 
이메일주소
으로
 
연락하시기
 
바랍니다
.
Paunawa sa mga Taong Limitado ang Kaalaman sa English:
 Kung nahihirapan kayong makaintindi ng English, maaari kayong humingi ng tulong ukol dito sa inpormasyon ng Kagawaran mula sa nagbibigay ng serbisyo na pagtulong kaugnay ng wika. Ang serbisyo na pagtulong kaugnay ng wika ay libre. Kung kailangan ninyo ng dagdag na impormasyon tungkol sa mga serbisyo kaugnay ng  pagpapaliwanag o pagsasalin, mangyari lamang tumawag sa 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327) (TTY: 1-800-877-8339), o mag-email sa: Ed.Language.Assistance@ed.gov. 
Уведомление для лиц с ограниченным знанием английского языка:
 
Если вы испытываете трудности в понимании английского языка, вы можете попросить, чтобы вам предоставили перевод информации, которую Министерство Образования доводит до всеобщего сведения. Этот перевод предоставляется бесплатно. Если вы хотите получить более подробную информацию об услугах устного и письменного перевода, звоните по телефону 1
-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-
5327) (служба для слабослышащих: 1
-800-877-
8339), или отправьте сообщение по адресу:
. 
 
 
Page 1
 – 
 Dear Colleague Letter: Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline
 
U.S. Department of Justice U.S. Department of Education
Civil Rights Division
 
Office for Civil Rights
 
January 8, 2014 Dear Colleague: The U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Justice (Departments) are issuing this guidance to assist public elementary and secondary schools in meeting their obligations under Federal law to administer student discipline without discriminating on the basis of race, color, or national origin. The Departments recognize the commitment and effort of educators across the United States to provide their students with an excellent education. The Departments  believe that guidance on how to identify, avoid, and remedy discriminatory discipline will assist schools in providing all students with equal educational opportunities.
1
 The Departments strongly support schools in their efforts to create and maintain safe and orderly
el emes  llw  ’s ses  le  e.
Many schools have adopted comprehensive, appropriate, and effective programs demonstrated to: (1) reduce disruption and misconduct; (2) support and reinforce positive behavior and character development; and (3) help students succeed. Successful programs may incorporate a wide range of strategies to reduce misbehavior and maintain a safe learning environment, including conflict resolution, restorative practices, counseling, and structured systems of positive interventions. The Departments recognize that schools may use disciplinary measures as part of a program to  promote safe and orderly educational environments.
1
 
Te Demes e eeme  s De Cllee Lee s  “sf e me” e e Offe f Meme  e’s Fl lle f e G Ge Pes, 72 Fe. Re. 3432 (J.
25, 2007),
available at 
 http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/fedreg/2007/012507_good_guidance.pdf .  This and other policy guidance is issued to provide recipients with information to assist them in meeting their obligations, and to provide members of the public with information about their rights, under the civil rights laws and
mleme els  we efe. Te Demes’ lel  s bse  se lws.
This guidance does not add requirements to applicable law, but provides information and examples to inform recipients about how the Departments evaluate whether covered entities are complying with their legal obligations. If you are interested in commenting on this guidance, please send an e-mail with your comments to OCR@ed.gov, or write to the following address: Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20202.
 
 
Page 2
 – 
 Dear Colleague Letter: Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline
 
Regardless of the program adopted, Federal law prohibits public school districts from discriminating in the administration of student discipline based on certain personal characteristics.
Te Deme f Jse’s Cl Rs Ds (DOJ)
is responsible for enforcing Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title IV), 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000c
et seq.
, which  prohibits discrimination in public elementary and secondary schools based on race, color, or national origin, among other bases. T
e Deme f E’s Offe f Cl Rs
(OCR) and the DOJ have responsibility for enforcing Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI), 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000d
et seq.
, and its implementing regulations, 34 C.F.R. Part 100, which prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin by recipients of Federal financial assistance. Specifically, OCR enforces Title VI with respect to schools and other recipients of Federal financial assistance from the Department of Education.
2
 The Departments initiate investigations of student discipline policies and practices at particular schools based on complaints the Departments receive from students, parents, community members, and others about possible racial discrimination in student discipline.
3
 The Departments also may initiate investigations based on public reports of racial disparities in student discipline combined with other information, or as part of their regular compliance monitoring activities. This guidance will help public elementary and secondary schools administer student discipline in a manner that does not discriminate on the basis of race. Federal law also prohibits discriminatory discipline based on other factors, including disability, religion, and sex.
4
 Those
2
 The Department of Justice enforces Title VI with respect to schools, law enforcement agencies, and other
ees f Feel fl ssse fm DOJ; DOJ’s Offe f Cl Rs  e Offe f Jse Pms
(OJP OCR) is the principal DOJ office that enforces Title VI though its administrative process.
See
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/about/ocr/pdfs/OCR_TitleVI.pdf . DOJ also enforces Title VI upon referral from another Federal funding agency, or through intervention in an existing lawsuit. DOJ also coordinates the enforcement of Title VI government-wide.
3
 
T s e, “e”  “l” les e, l,  l ; “l”  “les” l
des
 les  ees; “sl”  “sls” les  eleme  se sl,  sl s,   ll el e (LE)  s  ee f Feel fl ssse, l  e  “lee”
school that is a
ee f Feel fl ssse. Te ems “m”  “ms”  “ms  es”  “ms  es” e se   lll sese  e  me  e e me f e ems “m”  “m  ” s efe b e Cl Rs Res  f 1987 (CRR).
Under the CRRA, which amended Title VI, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504)
, e em “m  ”  e em “m,”  e
context of a school district, mean all of the operations of a school district. 42 U.S.C.
 
§ 2000d - 4a(2)(B); 20 U.S.C. § 1687(2)(B);
 
29 U.S.C. § 794(b)(2)(B).
4
 While this guidance explicitly addresses only race discrimination, much of the analytical framework laid out in this document also applies to discrimination on other prohibited grounds. Title IV also prohibits discrimination on the  basis of sex and religion by public elementary and secondary schools. Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex by recipients of Federal financial assistance in their education programs or activities. 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681
et  seq.
Section 504 prohibits disability discrimination by recipients of Federal financial assistance, and Title II of the

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