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Theories on the Origin of the Serbs

Theories on the Origin of the Serbs

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Theories on the origin of the Serbs
Serbs
possibly has a different root. There are several theoriesabout the origin of the Serb name, which could be roughly divided into
Slavic theory
and
non-Slavic theories
. Among the non-Slavic theories, most widely accepted is the
,since the first mention of a tribe called
Serboi
in history locates them in the northernCaucasus among the Iranian peoples. Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina,and, to a lesser extent, in... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are alinguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where theyconstitute roughly a third of the population. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ...This article is about the country in Europe. ... An ethnonym (Gk. ... Language(s) Persian,Kurdish, Pashto, Balouchi, Ossetian and various other Iranian languages. ...
Contents
o
o
 
Earliest historical records of names similar to "Serb"
Here are a few of the earliest quotations from well known ancient geographers and historians:
Rig Veda- ancient religious sanskrit text (3000-1500 b.c.)in book VIII., 32., 2.:"2 Strong God, he slew Anarsani,
Srbinda
, Pipru, and the fiend, Ahisuva, and loosed thefloods." From all the European peoples the Serbs are the only race from the construction of the wording of their name, according to the Austrian sanskritologist
Walter Wust
who arecomposed in the Vedic hymns as the characteristic SRBINDA, in which almost letter to letter is identical to the modern form SRBENDA used by Balkan Serbs. The Rig Vedaऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + vedaknowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ...In the Vedic manuscripts, Wust interprets, SRBINDA as its own original to say patentedname with a predetermined meaning. Which is in complete harmony to thinking of today’sSRBENDA expression in Serbs, because Srbenda is always the best, the most respected, most brave, the greatest for respecting tradition: in short a man who is used and shown as anexample to others.
Herodotus(11,6) (5th century BC), andDiodor from Sicily(1,30) mention the lake named
Serbonis
(
 Σερβυνιδοζ 
) in lower Egypt. However taking the large distances intothe account it is highly unlikely that today's Serbs have anything to do with that particular toponym.
Strabo(63 - 19 BC): "the river Kanthos/Skamandrosis called Sirbis (Sirbika) by the natives." (Strabonis rerum geographicarum libri septendicini, Basileza 1571 s. 763).
Tacitus(ca. 50 AD): described the
Serboi
tribe near theCaucasus,close to the hinterland into theBlack Sea. Many consider this theory as a very probable one takingsome distant linguistic similarities with today's Caucausus people's such asIngushi,  Chechensetc.
Pliny(69-75 AD): "beside theCimerianslive Meotics, Valians,Serbs(
Serboi
),Zingians, Psesians." (
, VI, c. 7 & 19 Leipzig 1975). It coincides withtheTacitus's view on Serbian ancient homeland among the Iranian peoples of theCaucasus.
Ptolemy(150 AD): "between the Keraunian mountains and the river Pa, live the Orineians, Valians andSerbs." (
 V, s. 9). Ptolemy also mention the city inPannonianamed
(present dayGradiškainRepublika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina). This well known ancient scientist one more time points out to theCaucasus placing Serbs close to Black Seariviera.
 
Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: HÄ“rodotos HalikarnÄ
sseus) was a Greek historianfrom Ionia who lived in the 5th century BC (ca. ... Diodorus Siculus (c. ... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ... In Greek mythology, Scamande(Skamandros) was an Oceanid, son of Oceanus and Tethys. ... The Geographika is anextensive work by Strabo, spanning 17 volumes, and can be regarded as an encyclopedia of the geographical knowledge of his time; except for parts of Book 7, it has come down to uscomplete. ... For other uses, see Tacitus (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that thisarticle or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... For other uses, see Black Sea(disambiguation). ... Ingush may refer to: The Ingush language The Ingush people, an ethnicgroup of the North Caucasus Category: ... This article covers the Chechen people as an ethnicgroup, not Chechen meaning citizens of Chechnya. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19thCentury portrait. ... The Cimmerians (Greek: , Kimmerioi) were ancient equestrian nomadswho, according to Herodotus, originally inhabited the region north of the Caucasus and theBlack Sea, in what is now Russia and Ukraine, in the 8th and 7th century BC. Assyrianrecords, however, first place them in the region of Azerbaijan in... Languages SerbianReligions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people wholive mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... NaturalisHistoria, 1669 edition, title page. ... For other uses, see Tacitus (disambiguation). ... Thisarticle is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ... Look up Pa, PA, pa in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly SerbianOrthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs SeeCognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian:Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro,Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... The Geographia is Ptolemys main work  besides the Almagest. ... Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancientcountry bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum andupper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ... Serbinum (also known asServitium) was an ancient Roman city in the Pannonia province. ... City area BosanskaGradiÅ¡ka (Cyrillic: БоÑ
анÑ
ка Градишка), is a town andmunicipality in northwestern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Not to beconfused with Serbia. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius (on theobverse). ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ...
The Slavic theory about the origin of the Serb name
There is a theory that the name Serbs was a designation for all Slavic peoples in history. Theearliest possible association of 
Serbi
with Slavs is fromProcopius(6th century), who says that
 Antae
and
Sclavenes
(Slavs) originally had the common name
Sporoi
, which has been claimedas a corruption of 
Srbi
(Serbs). The Serbs came from the north from what is now the CzechRepublic region. Serb may trace back to the Altai root word Ser-dust, sand. [1] 

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