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Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act

Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act

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Published by estillbham
This act is part of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2010, signed by President Obama on 28 Oct. 2009. It amends the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ff et seq.).
This act is part of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2010, signed by President Obama on 28 Oct. 2009. It amends the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ff et seq.).

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Published by: estillbham on Oct 29, 2009
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09/17/2010

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H.R.2647
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Enrolled as Agreed to or Passedby Both House and Senate)
 
A.
 
Subtitle H--Military VotingSEC. 575. SHORT TITLE.
This subtitle may be cited as the `Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act'.
SEC. 576. CLARIFICATION REGARDING DELEGATION OF STATERESPONSIBILITIES TO LOCAL JURISDICTIONS.
Nothing in the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (42 U.S.C. 1973ff et seq.) may be construed to prohibit a State from delegating its responsibilities incarrying out the requirements of such Act, including any requirements imposed as a resultof the provisions of and amendments made by this Act, to jurisdictions in the State.
SEC. 577. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCEDURES FOR ABSENT UNIFORMEDSERVICES VOTERS AND OVERSEAS VOTERS TO REQUEST AND FOR STATESTO SEND VOTER REGISTRATION APPLICATIONS AND ABSENTEE BALLOTAPPLICATIONS BY MAIL AND ELECTRONICALLY.
(a) In General- Section 102 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act(42 U.S.C. 1973ff-1) is amended--(1) in subsection (a)--(A) in paragraph (4), by striking `and' at the end;(B) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and';and(C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:`(6) in addition to any other method of registering to vote or applying for anabsentee ballot in the State, establish procedures--`(A) for absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters to requestby mail and electronically voter registration applications and absenteeballot applications with respect to general, special, primary, and runoff elections for Federal office in accordance with subsection (e);`(B) for States to send by mail and electronically (in accordance with thepreferred method of transmission designated by the absent uniformedservices voter or overseas voter under subparagraph (C)) voter registrationapplications and absentee ballot applications requested undersubparagraph (A) in accordance with subsection (e); and`(C) by which the absent uniformed services voter or overseas voter candesignate whether the voter prefers that such voter registration applicationor absentee ballot application be transmitted by mail or electronically.';and(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:`(e) Designation of Means of Electronic Communication for Absent Uniformed ServicesVoters and Overseas Voters To Request and for States To Send Voter RegistrationApplications and Absentee Ballot Applications, and for Other Purposes Related to VotingInformation-
 
`(1) IN GENERAL- Each State shall, in addition to the designation of a singleState office under subsection (b), designate not less than 1 means of electroniccommunication--`(A) for use by absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters whowish to register to vote or vote in any jurisdiction in the State to requestvoter registration applications and absentee ballot applications undersubsection (a)(6);`(B) for use by States to send voter registration applications and absenteeballot applications requested under such subsection; and`(C) for the purpose of providing related voting, balloting, and electioninformation to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters.`(2) CLARIFICATION REGARDING PROVISION OF MULTIPLE MEANSOF ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION- A State may, in addition to the meansof electronic communication so designated, provide multiple means of electroniccommunication to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters, includinga means of electronic communication for the appropriate jurisdiction of the State.`(3) INCLUSION OF DESIGNATED MEANS OF ELECTRONICCOMMUNICATION WITH INFORMATIONAL AND INSTRUCTIONALMATERIALS THAT ACCOMPANY BALLOTING MATERIALS- Each Stateshall include a means of electronic communication so designated with allinformational and instructional materials that accompany balloting materials sentby the State to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters.`(4) AVAILABILITY AND MAINTENANCE OF ONLINE REPOSITORY OFSTATE CONTACT INFORMATION- The Federal Voting Assistance Programof the Department of Defense shall maintain and make available to the public anonline repository of State contact information with respect to elections for Federaloffice, including the single State office designated under subsection (b) and themeans of electronic communication designated under paragraph (1), to be used byabsent uniformed services voters and overseas voters as a resource to send voterregistration applications and absentee ballot applications to the appropriate jurisdiction in the State.`(5) TRANSMISSION IF NO PREFERENCE INDICATED- In the case where anabsent uniformed services voter or overseas voter does not designate a preferenceunder subsection (a)(6)(C), the State shall transmit the voter registrationapplication or absentee ballot application by any delivery method allowable inaccordance with applicable State law, or if there is no applicable State law, bymail.`(6) SECURITY AND PRIVACY PROTECTIONS-`(A) SECURITY PROTECTIONS- To the extent practicable, States shallensure that the procedures established under subsection (a)(6) protect thesecurity and integrity of the voter registration and absentee ballotapplication request processes.`(B) PRIVACY PROTECTIONS- To the extent practicable, theprocedures established under subsection (a)(6) shall ensure that theprivacy of the identity and other personal data of an absent uniformedservices voter or overseas voter who requests or is sent a voter registration
 
application or absentee ballot application under such subsection isprotected throughout the process of making such request or being sentsuch application.'.(b) Effective Date- The amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to theregularly scheduled general election for Federal office held in November 2010 and eachsucceeding election for Federal office.
SEC. 578. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCEDURES FOR STATES TO TRANSMITBLANK ABSENTEE BALLOTS BY MAIL AND ELECTRONICALLY TO ABSENTUNIFORMED SERVICES VOTERS AND OVERSEAS VOTERS.
(a) In General- Section 102 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act(42 U.S.C. 1973ff-1), as amended by section 577, is amended--(1) in subsection (a)--(A) in paragraph (5), by striking `and' at the end;(B) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and';and(C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:`(7) in addition to any other method of transmitting blank absentee ballots in theState, establish procedures for transmitting by mail and electronically blank absentee ballots to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters withrespect to general, special, primary, and runoff elections for Federal office inaccordance with subsection (f).'; and(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:`(f) Transmission of Blank Absentee Ballots by Mail and Electronically-`(1) IN GENERAL- Each State shall establish procedures--`(A) to transmit blank absentee ballots by mail and electronically (inaccordance with the preferred method of transmission designated by theabsent uniformed services voter or overseas voter under subparagraph (B))to absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters for an election forFederal office; and`(B) by which the absent uniformed services voter or overseas voter candesignate whether the voter prefers that such blank absentee ballot betransmitted by mail or electronically.`(2) TRANSMISSION IF NO PREFERENCE INDICATED- In the case where anabsent uniformed services voter or overseas voter does not designate a preferenceunder paragraph (1)(B), the State shall transmit the ballot by any delivery methodallowable in accordance with applicable State law, or if there is no applicableState law, by mail.`(3) SECURITY AND PRIVACY PROTECTIONS-`(A) SECURITY PROTECTIONS- To the extent practicable, States shallensure that the procedures established under subsection (a)(7) protect thesecurity and integrity of absentee ballots.`(B) PRIVACY PROTECTIONS- To the extent practicable, theprocedures established under subsection (a)(7) shall ensure that theprivacy of the identity and other personal data of an absent uniformedservices voter or overseas voter to whom a blank absentee ballot is

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