Weight loss might not only help cut dementia risk but also boost brain power, according to a study published in the journal
.Researchers from Toulouse University Hospital in France tested the cognitive ability in over 2,200 healthy workersaged 32 to 62. Middle-aged adults with a high BMI scored less on cognitive tests than those with a low BMI. For example, a test involving word memory recall showed that those with a BMI of 20 (considered healthy)remembered an average of nine out of 16 words, while those with a BMI of 30 (classed as obese) remembered anaverage of seven out of 16 words.Study author Dr Maxime Cournot suggested that these findings may be due to a host of factors including thethickening and hardening of cerebral vessels because of obesity, or possibly the development of insulin resistance.
Cournot M, Marquie JC, Ansiau D, Martinaud C, Fonds H, Ferrieres J and Ruidavets JB. 2006. Relation between body mass index and cognitive function in healthymiddle-aged men and women.
. 67 (7) 1208-14.
Research suggests that drinking fruit and vegetable juices frequently may cut the risk of developing Alzheimer’sdisease.In a study published in the
American Journal of Medicine
, US and Japanese scientists followed almost 2,000 peoplefor up to 10 years. Risk for Alzheimer’s was a massive 76 per cent lower among those who drank juice more thanthree times a week, compared with those who drank it less than once weekly. They concluded that fruit andvegetable juices may play an important role in delaying the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, particularly among thosewho are at high risk for the disease.
Dai Q, Borenstein AR, Wu Y, Jackson JC and Larson EB. 2006. Fruit and vegetable juices and Alzheimer's disease: the
American Journal of Medicine
.119 (9) 751-9.
People who eat omega-3 fatty acids may have a lower risk of Alzheimer’s later in life say researchers fromAberdeen University. 120 over-64s were given written intelligence tests and gave blood samples for analysis. Therewas a clear link between better results and the presence of omega-3s, but only in those missing a particular genethought to predispose to Alzheimer’s. In those with the gene present, the omega-3 fats made no difference to their test scores.Omega-3s are a type of polyunsaturated fat. Good vegetarian sources include
flaxseeds (linseeds), walnuts andtheir oils
.Omega-3 fatty acids 1 daily portion is one of the following…Flaxseed (linseed) oil 1 teaspoonGround flaxseed (linseed) 1 tablespoonHempseed oil 1 tablespoonRapeseed oil 1 tablespoonWalnuts 8 halves/28g/1ozHempseed 5 tablespoons
Whalley, L.J., Deary, I.J., Starr, J.M., Wahle, K.W., Rance, K.A., Bourne, V.J. and Fox, H.C. 2008. n-3 Fatty acid erythrocyte membrane content, APOEvarepsilon4, and cognitive variation: an observational follow-up study in late adulthood.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
. 87 (2) 449-454.
People with high cholesterol levels in mid-life are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s than those with lowcholesterol, according to new research from California. From a group of 9,752 people (whose cholesterol had been measured in their 40s) 504 developed Alzheimer’s. Those with high cholesterol levels in mid-life were 50 per cent more likely to develop this disease later in life.
Midlife Serum Total Cholesterol and Risk of Alzheimer s Disease and Vascular Dementia Three Decades Later
; Solomon, A., Kuopio, Finland,Kivipelto, M., Stockholm, Sweden, Zhou, J., Whitmer, R.A., Oakland, CA. American Academy of Neurology 60th Anniversary Annual Meeting, Chicago, 16April 2008.