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[Diane Carlson, Charles C. Plummer, Lisa Hammersle(BookZa.org)

[Diane Carlson, Charles C. Plummer, Lisa Hammersle(BookZa.org)

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Physical Geology
Physical Geology

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Fiyinfoluwa Magbagbeola on Apr 15, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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Generalized Geologic and Tectonic Map of North America
Thick deposits in structurallynegative areasFormer subduction complexrocks of the Pacific borderExposed parts of Ouachita foldbeltBasement igneous andmetamorphic complexesmainly of Precambrian ageAnorthosite bodies
Plutons composed almost entirely of plagioclase
Modified from the Generalized Tectonic Map of North America by P.B.King and Gertrude J. Edmonston, U.S. Geological Survey Map I-688
Grenville foldbelt
 Deformed 880–1,000 m.y. ago
Probable western extensionof Innuitian foldbelt
 In cores of northern Alaska ranges
Ice cap of Quaternary age
On Precambrian and Paleozoic basement 
Paleozoic and Mesozoicactive margin depositsSynorogenic andpostorogenic depositsPostorogenic volcanic coverUltramafic rocksPaleozoic and Mesozoicpassive margin depositsLate Precambrian deposits
Of Middle and Upper Proterozoic ages
Granitic plutons
 Ages are generally within thespan of the tectonic cycle of the foldbelt in which they lie
 Platform deposits onPrecambrian basement
 In central craton
Platform deposits onPaleozoic basement
 In Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains
Platform deposits withinthe Precambrian
 Mainly in the Canadian Shield 
Kenoran foldbelts
 Deformed 2,390–2,600 m.y. ago
Axes of seafloor spreadingThrust fault
 Barbs on upthrown side
Strike-slip fault
 Arrows show relativelateral movement 
Salt domes and salt diapirs
 In Gulf coastal plainand Gulf of Mexico
Contours on basement surfacesbeneath platform areas
 All contours are below sea levelexcept where marked with plussymbols. Interval is 1,000 meters
VolcanoWorld’s oldest rock Normal fault
 Hachures on downthrown side
Subsea faultHudsonian foldbelts
 Deformed 1,640–1,820 m.y. ago
GraniteBasaltCrystalline continentalcrustMetamorphicbasement rockLimestoneDolomiteShaleSandstoneCross-beddedsandstoneRock saltConglomerateBreccia
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