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BMW 3 Series (E90, E91, E92, E93) Service Manual: 2006-2011 - Excerpt: Camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units, removing and installing (N51, N52, N52KP, N54 engines)

BMW 3 Series (E90, E91, E92, E93) Service Manual: 2006-2011 - Excerpt: Camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units, removing and installing (N51, N52, N52KP, N54 engines)

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Published by Bentley Publishers
An excerpt of section 117-35 - Camshaft Timing Chain from the BMW 3 Series (E90, E91, E92, E93) Service Manual: 2006-2011. This excerpt shows the procedure for removing and installing the camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units. For more information on this repair manual, visit http://www.bentleypublishers.com/product.htm?code=b311
An excerpt of section 117-35 - Camshaft Timing Chain from the BMW 3 Series (E90, E91, E92, E93) Service Manual: 2006-2011. This excerpt shows the procedure for removing and installing the camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units. For more information on this repair manual, visit http://www.bentleypublishers.com/product.htm?code=b311

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Published by: Bentley Publishers on Apr 16, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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Camshaft Timing Chain117-35
Camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units, removing and installing (N51, N52, N52KP, N54 engines) 
        1        1       7
Camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units, removing and installing (N51, N52, N52KP, N54 engines)
Special tools and new parts are required to remove and install camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units and to time camshafts. Read the entire procedure before beginning repairs.
 
NOTE 
 —
If a rattling noise can be heard from the engine compartment in the VANOS area, the engine has reduced power, and VANOS and camshaft sensor faults are stored (SES light on), check the assembly bolts on the VANOS units once the units are removed. The bolts may be loose or broken or have fallen out of the VANOS unit. The VANOS units are not serviceable. If the bolts are found to be loose, broken or missing, replace the complete VANOS unit. Locate all missing parts before reassembling the engine.
Use scan tool to read out and record ECM fault memory. Switch ignition OFF and remove key.
Remove upper and lower cabin microfilter housings. See
640 Heating and Air-conditioning
.
Remove right strut tower brace.
Remove ignition coil cover (upper engine cover). See
020 Maintenance
.
Remove ignition coils. See
120 Ignition System
.
Remove cylinder head cover. See
113 Cylinder Head Removal and Installation
.
Raise vehicle and support safely.
Remove engine compartment splash shield. See
020 Maintenance
.
WARNING 
 —
To avoid personal injury, be sure the engine is cold before beginning the procedure.
CAUTION 
Disassembly, removal and assembly of camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units without special tools poses the risk of damage or breakage: Valves may be bent by contact with the piston crowns.Throughout this procedure, unless otherwise specified, crankshaft and camshafts remain locked against rotation using BMW special tools.Keep VANOS components free of silicone sealant. A small amount of silicone introduced into VANOS actuator or solenoid can set faults.
WARNING 
 —
Make sure the vehicle is stable and well supported at all times. Use a professional automotive lift or jack stands. A floor jack is not adequate support.
 
117-36 Camshaft Timing Chain
Camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units, removing and installing (N51, N52, N52KP, N54 engines) 
 
Non-turbo engine: Using vibration damper bolt, rotate crankshaft to place cylinder 1 in TDC firing position. In this position, cylinder 1 intake camshaft lobe points upward at an angle.
 
Non-turbo engine: Cylinder 1 in TDC firing position: Cylinder 6 exhaust camshaft lobe (
A
) points downward at an angle (
dashed line
). Cam follower (
B
) is not actuated.
 
NOTE 
 —
Use a mirror to check exhaust camshaft lobe position.
 
Turbo engine: Using vibration damper bolt to rotate crankshaft, place cylinder 1 in TDC firing position. In this position, lobes for cylinder 6 (rear of engine) intake and exhaust camshafts (
A
,
B
) point away from each other and down. Cylinder 6 camshaft lobes do not contact roller cam followers.
 
NOTE 
 —
Use a mirror to check cylinder 6 cam lobe positions.
 
Camshaft Timing Chain117-37
Camshaft adjustment (VANOS) units, removing and installing (N51, N52, N52KP, N54 engines) 
        1        1       7
 
Working underneath engine, slide out protective plug at lower left of engine bell housing flange. Install BMW special tool 11 0 300 (crankshaft locking tool) through bell housing flange port into flywheel (
A
) hole. If necessary, rock flywheel slightly back and forth to line up holes with tool. This locks crankshaft at TDC.
 
Use BMW special tool set 11 4 280 to lock down camshafts.
 
Working at right front of cylinder head, remove timing chain tensioner (
B
). Be prepared to catch dripping oil with a shop towel. Do not allow oil to contaminate accessory belt.
CAUTION 
Automatic transmission model: There is a larger bore very close to the flywheel TDC bore. Do not confuse the larger bore with the correct TDC bore. BMW special tool should fit snugly. If the flywheel is locked using the correct bore, the engine can no longer be rotated at the vibration damper bolt.If special tool 11 0 300 does not slide easily into the bell housing flange bore, sand paint off the tool. Do not enlarge the bore.

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