2 LAVABIT, LLC.; LADAR LEVISON, Parties-in-Interest – Appellants. ------------------------------ AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION; AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OF VIRGINIA; EMPEOPLED, LLC.; ELECTRONIC FRONTIER FOUNDATION, Amici Supporting Appellants. Appeals fromthe United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Alexandria. Claude M. Hilton, Senior District Judge. (
) Argued: January 28, 2014 Decided: April 16, 2014 Before NIEMEYER, GREGORY, and AGEE, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by published opinion. Judge Agee wrote the opinion, in which Judge Niemeyer and Judge Gregory joined.
: Ian James Samuel, New York, New York, for Appellants. Andrew Peterson, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee.
: Jesse R. Binnall, BRONLEY & BINNALL, PLLC, Fairfax, Virginia; Marcia Hofmann, LAWOFFICE OF MARCIA HOFMANN, San Francisco, California; David Warrington, Laurin Mills, LECLAIRRYAN, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellants. Mythili Raman, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, Nathan Judish, Josh Goldfoot, Benjamin Fitzpatrick, Brandon Van Grack, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Washington, D.C.; Dana J. Boente, Acting United States Attorney, Michael Ben’Ary, James L. Trump, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee. Alexander A. Abdo, Brian M. Hauss, Catherine Crump, Nathan F. Wessler, Ben Wizner, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION FOUNDATION, New York, New York; Rebecca K. Glenberg, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OF VIRGINIA FOUNDATION, INC., Richmond, Virginia, for Amici American Civil Liberties Union and ACLU of Virginia. Kurt Opsahl, Jennifer Lynch, Hanni Fakhoury, ELECTRONIC FRONTIER
Appeal: 13-4625 Doc: 66 Filed: 04/16/2014 Pg: 2 of 41