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Instinct-its Office in the Animal Kingdom, And Its Relation to the Higher Powers in Man

Instinct-its Office in the Animal Kingdom, And Its Relation to the Higher Powers in Man

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Published by glennpease

BY P. A. CHADBOURNE, LL.D.

AUTHOR OF "RELATIONS OF NATURAL HISTORY," "NATURAL THEOLOGY," ETC.

BY P. A. CHADBOURNE, LL.D.

AUTHOR OF "RELATIONS OF NATURAL HISTORY," "NATURAL THEOLOGY," ETC.

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Published by: glennpease on Apr 16, 2014
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ISTICT-ITS OFFICE I THE AIMAL KIGDOM, AD ITS RELATIO TO THE HIGHER POWERS I MA BY P. A. CHADBOURE, LL.D. AUTHOR OF "RELATIOS OF ATURAL HISTORY," "ATURAL THEOLOGY," ETC. Entered according to Act of Congress, m the year 1872, by GEO. P. PUTAM & SOS, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. To GIDEO L. SOULE, LL.D., PRIClPAIi OF PHILLIPS EXETER ACADEMY.
Sir,— I dedicate these Lectures to you with grateful remembrance of your counsels and instruction, and with sincere admiration for that schol- arship and wisdom which, for fifty years, have done so much for the honor and usefulness of the Institution over which you preside. With great respect and esteem, 1 am most truly yours,
P. A. CHADBOURE. " But I see auotlier law in my members warring against tlie law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin, whicli is in my members."— Romans, chap. vii. ver. 23. " But mind this : the more we observe and study, the wider the range of the automatic and instinctive principles in body and mind and morals, and the narrower the limits of the self-determining, conscious move- ment."— Holmes, Autocrat of Breakfast Table, p. 95.
 
" As dependent upon bodily organization, as actuated by sensual pro- pensities and animal wants [man], belongs to matter, and, in this re- spect, he is the slave of necessity. But what man holds of matter does not make up his personality. * * * He is conscious to himself of facul- ties not comprised in the chain of physical necessity." — HAitcLTO, Metaphysics (Bowen), p. 16.  —"We can hardly find a more suitable expression to indicate those incomprehensible spontaneities themselves, of which the primary facts of consciousness are the manifestations, than rational, or intellectual In- stincts.''^—Ibid., p. 505. " ow it may be that what we call instinct here, has not been suffi- ciently investigated. We hear men speak of the higher instincts and of rational instincts. Are these, then, for the higher nature what the lower instincts are for the lower? As many view it, What is Conscience but a rational instinct, a guide without comprehension, but rational, because it reveals itself as the voice of God, which all instinct is, without thus revealing itself ? "—President Hopkins, Moral Science, 1st Ed., p. %\L COTETS LECTURE I. ITRODUCTORY. PAG« Investigations respecting the origin and destiny of man.— The central question.— Conditions of human progress.— Importance of man's animal nature.— Comparative psychology.— Power of definitions.— Mistake in use of formulas.— Definitions of instinct.— Vital activities to be traced.
 
 —Apparent work of instinct.— Utilizes structure and function.— Includes impulse, knowledge, skill. — atural history and speculative philosophy.  — Man the perfection of the vertebrate type.— Organs put to a higher use as the nature of the being demands. — Mind and thought.— Diverse philosophical views.— AVork defined.— Results to be reached.— Topics for discussion 17 LECTURE IL OPERATIOS I IORGAIC ATURE AD PLAT LIFE THAT SIMULATE ISTICT. Definitions of Paley, Whately, and Hamilton considered.— The office of the physical forces.— Life, sensation, volition.— Method of discussion explained.— Positivism.— Instinct part of a series of agencies. — Life depending upon the position of the earth and the changes within it. — Geologic changes.— Activities of the plant.- Instinct-like provisions of plants.— Community of action. — Special provision of the tree for itself  — Wise economy of plants.— Movement of plants.— Special structures and functions.— Provision made by plants for their young 40 viii Contents. LECTURE III. OPERATIOS I PHYSIOLOGY SIMULATIG ISTICT ; AD THE LOWEST FORMS OF ISTICT FOR THE WELFARE OF THE IDI- VIDUAL AIMAL SUPPLEMETIG PHYSIOLOGY OR

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