February 27, 20083
Period Biology3NICHE CONCEPT – WHAT IT MEANS – EXAMPLEThe specific role, or way of life, of a species within its environment is its nichenichenicheniche.This includes the range of conditions that the species can tolerate, the resource ituses, the methods by which it obtains resources, the number of offspring it has, itstime of reproduction, and all other interactions within its environment.The ecological niche of an organism depends not only on where it lives but also onwhat it does. By analogy, it may be said that the habitat is the organism's "address",and the niche is its "profession", biologically speaking.Odum - Fundamentals of Ecology - W B Saunders 1959Oak trees absorb sunlight by photosynthesis,absorb water and mineral salts from the soil, provideshelter for animals and other plants, act as a support for creeping plants, serve as a food source for animals,and cover the ground with their dead leaves in theautumn.CARBON, NITROGEN, WATER CYCLES (GENERAL)Carbon CyclePhotosynthesis and cellular respiration formthe basis of the carboncarboncarboncarbon----cyclecyclecyclecycle. In photosynthesis,plants and other autotrophs use carbon dioxide,along with water and solar energy to makecarbohydrates. Both autotrophs and heterotrophsuse oxygen to break down carbohydrates duringcellular respiration. The byproducts of cellularrespiration are carbon dioxide and water.Decomposers release carbon dioxide into theatmosphere when they break down organiccompounds.Dead organisms and waste productseventually become fossils and fossil fuels. Whenthese are used in auto and factor emissions, carbondioxide is released into the atmosphere.