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Heavy Rock Revision Sheet

Heavy Rock Revision Sheet

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Published by Matt Gooch

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Published by: Matt Gooch on Apr 20, 2014
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07/13/2014

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Special Focus 2014
Heavy Rock
Revision Notes
 
These are some broad stereotypes from the genre and artists that were prevalent. Don’t forget that you may be given an example that doesn’t meet these and asked how it is different… Remember to use your ears and don’t make assumptions.
 
Instrumentation:
 
Vocals (usually male)
 
Two guitarists – Lead and Rhythm
 
Keyboards (usually monophonic lead synths or big pads)
 
Bass
 
Drums
 
Performance and Arrangement:
 
Powerful vocals usually delivered in a
high register 
 (sometimes falsetto) at a
screaming 
 level
 
Guitars play riffs using
Power chords (Root and Dominant chords) 
 
Soloing-
fast 
 and with a high degree of
technical 
 ability
 
Pentatonic 
 and
blues 
 scales used regularly for riffs and solos, also the prominent use of
modal scales 
 and
chromaticism 
 
Driving rhythms called ‘
Chugging 
’ used by the guitar, drums and bass.
 
Keyboards are not used in a prominent / lead role
 
Drum parts feature lots of cymbals and toms and can be very
technical 
.
 
Technology and Production:
 
Distortion 
 and Valve amp sound create a huge guitar sound.
 
Fuzz 
,
Wah-Wah 
 and
Phaser 
 are the main effects used
 
Feedback 
 and
 
Finger 
 
Tapping 
 techniques used
 
Drums and bass create a
thick and heavy texture 
 
Use of
large reverbs 
 notably on lead guitars
 
Production and musical influences:
 
Blues Music
 
British Blues
 
R&B
 
Prog Rock
 
Psychedelic Rock
 
Notable artists
 
Here are some brief points on the main Heavy Rock artists. You should be able to confidently answer the following questions about each of these as a minimum for your exam.
 
What influence the had on other artists and why?
 
Which artists influenced them and why?
 
Years of prominence
 
Any social contexts
 
Hit Albums
 
Hit Songs
 
What was their typical instrumentation?
 
What are they best known for and how did it change the music scene?
 
What technology are they associated with?
 
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Special Focus 2014
Heavy Rock
Revision Notes
 
Jimi Hendrix - 1967 - 1970
 
-
In his brief four-year reign as a superstar, Jimi Hendrix expanded the vocabulary of the electric rock guitar more than anyone else, combining his technical proficiency with frequent blasts of noise and dazzling showmanship
 
-
Known for pioneering many guitar performance techniques
 
-
Musical influence taken from Blues and Jazz with elaborate and extended virtuosic solos
 
-
Songs were very simple melodically and lyrically with the focus being on improvisation and live interpretation
 
-
Heavy use of pentatonics and blues scales in both riffs and solos
 
-
During the early and mid-'60s he developed his musical identity touring with R&B/soul legends Little Richard, the Isley Brothers, and King Curtis as a backup guitarist
 
-
Most popular songs - Voodoo child, Hey Joe, Purple Haze
-
Notable albums - 1967 Are You Experienced?, 1968 Electric Ladyland, Pt. 1
 
-
He has influence a whole generation of guitar players and groups including Brian May, Prince, Red Hot Chili Peppers and Van Halen etc.
 
-
During the 1969 Woodstock Music Festival Hendrix played a 5-minute version of the star spangled banner. The end result was a remarkably realistic imitation of several war sounds, sending out an anti-war message for the Vietnam War
 
-
Hendrix died on September 18th, 1970, from drug-related complications.
 
Led Zeppelin - 1968-1980 with reunions 1985, 1988, 1995, 2007
 
-
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968.
-
The band consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant, bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones, and drummer John Bonham.
 
-
Their sound is hard rock, heavy metal, blues rock and folk rock.
 
-
Led Zeppelin have been influenced by American blues and country blues styles. They have been influenced by British, Celtic and American folk revivals. Scottish folk guitarist Bert Jansch helped inspire band member Jimmy Page.
 
-
Most Popular songs include – Stairway to Heaven, The Battle of Evermore, Black Dog.
 
-
Most Popular albums include –1971 Led Zeppelin IV, 1973 Houses of the Holy and 1975 Physical Graffiti.
 
-
They have influenced other artists such as Deep Purple, Aerosmith, Judas Priest, Bon Jovi, Van Halen, Def Leppard, Metallica, Iron Maiden and Nirvana.
 
-
Many of the band’s songs dealt with themes of romance, unrequited love, sexual conquest and mythology.
Deep Purple - 1968-1976, 1984 –to present
 
-
Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968.
-
They are considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although their musical approach changed over the years.
 
-
Other genres such as blues, folk, jazz and classical have influenced Deep Purple. They took inspiration from artists such as Cream, Jimi Hendrix, The Moody Blues, The Rolling Stones, The Beatles and Led Zeppelin.
 
-
Most Popular songs –Smoke on the Water, Highway Star, Machine Head.
 
-
Most Popular albums – 1968 Shades of Deep Purple, 1971 Fireball, 1969 Deep Purple.
-
They have influenced many artists including Metallica, Queen, Aerosmith, Van Halen, Alice in Chains, Bon Jovi and Motorhead.
 
-
Ian Paice –drums and percussion, Rodger Glover –bass, Ian Gillan –vocals, harmonica and percussion, Steve Morse –guitar , Don Airey –organ and keyboards , Jon Lord –organ, keyboards, backing vocals and string arrangements, Ritchie Blackmore –guitar.
 
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Special Focus 2014
Heavy Rock
Revision Notes
 
Black Sabbath - 1968 -2006, 2011 –to present
 
-
Black Sabbath is a band from Birmingham in the UK and their sound is heavy metal.
-
They were influenced by Blues-rock from the late 60s and artists such as Cream, Jimi Hendrix, The Who and The Beatles.
 
-
Most Popular songs –Iron Man, Psycho Man, Paranoid, Children of the Grave.
 
-
Most Popular albums – 1970 Paranoid, 1971 Master of Reality, 1975 Sabotage.
 
-
Black Sabbath have influenced many artists including Iron Maiden, Metallica, Nirvana, Judas Priest, Foo Fighters and Guns N’ Roses.
 
-
Tony Lommi –lead guitar, Geezer Butler –bass guitar, Ozzy Osbourne –lead vocals
 
-
The group took the blues-rock sound of late ‘60s acts like Cream, Blue Cheer and Vanilla Fudge to its logical conclusion, slowing the tempo, accentuating the bass and emphasising screaming guitar solos and howled vocals full of lyrics expressing mental anguish and macabre fantasies.
 
Motörhead - 1975 –to present
 
-
Motorhead is a band from London and their sound is heavy metal, speed metal, hard rock and rock and roll
 
-
They were influenced by a genre called punk rock and other artists such as The Damned, Ramones, Deep Purple, Hawkwind and The Sex Pistols
 
-
Most Popular songs – 1980 Ace of Spades, 1979 Bomber, 1979 Overkill.
 
-
Most Popular albums – Overkill, Bomber, Ace of Spades, No Sleep ‘til Hammersmith
 
-
Motorhead have gone on to influence bands such as Metallica, Slayer, Megadeth, Iron Maiden and Guns N’ Roses.
 
-
Ian “Lemmy” Kilmister –lead vocals and bass guitar, Phil “Wizzo” Campbell –guitar and backing vocals, Mikkey Dee –drums.
 
-
Their lyrics typically cover such topics as war, good versus evil, abuse of power, promiscuous sex, and substance abuse and gambling.
 
Iron Maiden - 1975 –to present
 
-
Iron Maiden is a band from London in the UK and their sound is heavy metal.
 
-
They have stated that other heavy metal artists such as Black Sabbath, Deep Purple and Led Zeppelin have influenced them. Also Jimi Hendrix, Richie Blackmore and blues rock have had an influence.
-
Most Popular songs – 2 Minutes to Midnight, Aces High, Bring Your Daughter….to The Slaughter.
 
-
Most Popular albums – 1982 Number of the Beast, 1983 Piece of Mind, 1984 Powerslave
 
-
Megadeth, Metallica, Slayer, Anthrax and Accept have all been influenced by Iron Maiden
-
Iron Maiden along with Black Sabbath and Def Leppard were one of the driving forces for the British heavy rock movement. Their heavily distorted guitars and rough and ready appearance with a no care attitude inspired a generation of youth rock music.
 
-
Steve Harris –bass, backing vocals and keyboards, Dave Murray –guitars , Adrian Smith –guitars, backing vocals and keyboards, Bruce Dickinson –lead vocals, Nicko McBrain –drums and percussion, Janick Gers –guitars.
 
-
Their music is energetic with heavily distorted guitars, drums feature a lot of cymbals and toms, the inclusion of riff based patterns played on the guitars and a powerful vocal style.
 
-
Their production techniques include lots of reverb and distortion effects to help make the sound feel as full as possible. The dynamic range is also very narrow like most typical heavy rock track, which helps achieve the loudest possible output.
 
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