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Interchange 40

Interchange 40

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Published by: GallowayTwpNews on Apr 20, 2014
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04/21/2014

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Garden State Parkway Interchange 40 Improvement Feasibility Study Galloway Township  Atlantic County, NJ
Overview
The New Jersey Turnpike Authority (Authority) has completed a study to evaluate the need for, and feasibility of completing all missing movements at Interchange 40 on the Garden State Parkway in Galloway Township, New Jersey. Based on the results of the traffic projections and impact analysis performed for each of the alternatives studied, construction of the new ramps to the missing movements at Interchange 40 is not considered critical. The current projected pattern of growth in Galloway Township, as well as the greater Atlantic City region, would not justify completion of the interchange at this time, given the significant infrastructure, utility, and environmental constraints associated with the  various alternatives studied. Garden State Parkway (Parkway) Interchange 40 is a partial interchange located approximately one mile south of the Atlantic City Service Area in Galloway Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey. It primarily facilitates access to and from southeastern portions of Galloway Township and Absecon, and provides a secondary un-tolled route into Atlantic City via the White Horse Pike (US 30), a major east-west corridor. Interchange 40 provides partial access to and from the north via a southbound off-ramp to eastbound US 30, and a northbound on-ramp from westbound US 30. A southbound on-ramp and northbound off-ramp do not exist and are considered the missing movements. Access to westbound US 30 from the southbound Parkway, and to the northbound Parkway from eastbound US 30, is currently provided indirectly via a signalized jug handle at 3
rd
 Avenue, approximately 1,400 feet east of the Interchange.
History
In April 2005, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (Authority) conducted a study within the area of Interchanges 40
 44 to evaluate alternatives to enhance access to and from the south, eliminate the use of the Atlantic City Service Area as an interchange to improve safety, and accommodate future growth in the region. The previous study recommended constructing a new interchange (41) at Jimmie Leeds Road (CR 561), as well as completing Interchange 44, Pomona Road (CR 575), to provide access to and from the south. However, no improvements were recommended at Interchange 40 at that time.  At a recent project meeting, Galloway Township requested that the Authority review the findings of the previous study and re-evaluate the potential of completing Interchange 40 to provide full access from  both directions on the Parkway. The Township believes that a full interchange would enhance access to US 30, which could in-turn support economic development along the corridor.
(See Roadway System Map Figure).
 
 
 
Summary of Alternatives
The following summarizes the results of the Interchange 40 Improvement Feasibility Study. Technical analyses were performed to project future traffic volumes in order to compare alternatives and to determine if construction of new ramps at Interchange 40 is warranted. The analyses took into account the completion of improvements at Interchange 41, Jimmie Leeds Road (CR 561), and Interchange 44, Pomona Road (CR 575). Traffic projections were developed based on background growth rates, currently planned developments, and potential future development along US 30. Given the proximity of existing large-scale retail centers within five miles of the study area, it was determined that large-scale retail/commercial development, which would attract a large number of vehicles from the Parkway, is not likely to occur along US 30. Furthermore, the proximity of the US 30 corridor, west of the Parkway, to the  Atlantic City Airport will further limit the potential for commercial and residential growth between the Parkway and Jimmie Leeds Road. In order to assess the feasibility of completing the missing movements at Interchange 40, four alternatives  with various configurations were developed. Concept plans were prepared and advantages/disadvantages and project costs were presented for each alternative for comparison purposes. In addition to the four alternatives developed to complete the missing movements, two additional low cost alternatives that  would only provide access to westbound US 30 from the southbound Parkway were evaluated.
See
 
Concept Alternatives Figures
 for all alternatives studied.
Comparison of Alternatives
The alternatives were compared with respect to traffic operations, cost, right of way requirements, environmental impacts, and infrastructure impacts. Based on these criteria, the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative were identified. The traffic analysis concluded that all intersection approaches and ramp segments would operate acceptably in the 2035 Build Condition for all alternatives,  with the exception of the southbound approach at the intersection of Damson Avenue and US 30, which  would fail in both peak hours in Alternative 1A. Therefore, the comparison of alternatives was based largely on cost, right of way, environmental impacts, and infrastructure impacts.  Alternative 1, Full Diamond Interchange, would result in the fewest environmental, ROW, and infrastructure impacts, and would be relatively low-cost, while meeting the project objective of completing all movements at the Interchange. However, this concept would result in two new traffic signals within 500 feet of each other on US 30, would introduce left turns along a section of the corridor where left turns are prohibited, and would signalize the southbound to eastbound movement, a high volume movement that provides access to Atlantic City. In addition, obtaining New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) approval for the closely spaced signalized intersections may be difficult.  Alternative 1A, Modified Diamond Interchange, would not necessitate two new traffic signals, but would eliminate existing direct movements and would require the continued use of the Damson Avenue and 3
rd
  Avenue jug handles. Therefore, it would not meet the project objectives of providing full access to and from the Parkway and is not recommended to be considered further. Finally, Alternatives 2 (Northbound Off-Ramp Flyover) and 3 (Partial Diamond with Damson Avenue Ramps) would meet the project objectives and would limit the impact to US 30 by using existing signalized intersections. However, they

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