Principles Of Fashion Marketing –Yarn Sector
1 # INTRODUCTION
If the fibers are to be woven or knitted into cloth, they must be formed intocontinuous strands called
Fiber supplied for the yarn is of 2 typesLong Filament – fiber with long length – e.g. Silk fiber Staple Fiber – fiber with small length – e.g. Cotton fiber
The type of yarn chosen for a fabric affects its appearance, durability, and handand draping characteristics.
Conversion of fiber to yarn is called
# HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF YARN MANUFACTURING Hand Spinning
Earlier staple fibers were twisted together by hand to form yarn.
the fiber between the hand and the leg is another primitive method toproduce yarn.
In both the above method excellent yarn is produced by experienced and skilledperson.
process was done to the fiber in which fibers were straightened beforeHand Spinning process.
Fibers could be made completely parallel by a further step called
thisprocess also include the removal of very short fibers.
Hand spinning with
The woman holds the distaff under her leftarm, draws fibers from the bundle tied to the distaff, and spins fibers into yarn bylowering the spindle with a spinning motion. Spun yarn is wrapped around thespindle as it is formed.
A major improvement in the spinning of yarn originated in India in the form of
Charka or Spinning Wheel.
It seems to have been invented sometime betweenA.D. 500 and A.D. 1000.
In the 16
Flyer and detachable bobbin
were invented which allowed thesimultaneous and winding of yarn into bobbin.