Cambridge English Teacher © Cambridge University Press and Cambridge English Language Assessment 2014
iving more effective instructions to young learners
Learn techniques to clarify instructions for tasks or activities
Help learners feel motivated and confident
Teachers with any level of experience
Applicable to learners:
7–12 year olds Young learners are naturally curious and want to explore and discover. They learn from doing and they learn even more when they enjoy an activity and see they can do it well. It is important to make your instructions simple, to repeat them if necessary, to check learners’ understanding of the instructions and to demonstrate tasks or activities in front of the whole class. Before giving instructions, make sure you have everyone’s attention. You can do this by delivering your instructions from a central part of the room. To check that learners understand, consider asking a volunteer to explain the instructions to the rest of the class or ask the class to tell you in their own language. Giving clear instructions also helps with classroom management and discipline because if the learners know what to do and how to do it, it is easier for them to focus on the activity and get enjoyment from it. If someone in the class says they haven’t understood the instructions, repeat the instructions using mime and gesture. If that doesn’t work, try rephrasing them. Don’t ask learners to begin an activity until you are confident they understand what to do.