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Nano XPS nanost 1

Nano XPS nanost 1



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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterization of Nanoparticles (NPs): I. Dimensional effects

D.-Q.Yang* and E.Sacher
Department of Engineering Physics
École Polytechnique of Montréal
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterization of Nanoparticles (NPs): I. Dimensional effects

D.-Q.Yang* and E.Sacher
Department of Engineering Physics
École Polytechnique of Montréal

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Nanotechnology World on Mar 01, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopyX-ray photoelectron spectroscopycharacterization of Nanoparticlescharacterization of Nanoparticles(NPs):(NPs):I. Dimensional effectsI. Dimensional effects
and E.Sacher Department of Engineering PhysicsÉcole Polytechnique of Montréal
* Correspondence email: derry.yang@gmail.com
1.Nanoparticles (NPs)
Size matters: surface of NPsSize-dependent properties
1.Basic principle2.Information depth3.Surface composition and chemistry4.Depth profiling
2.New challenges of XPS in nanostructures
 –Ideal nanostructured surface patterns –Possible nanostructured surface patterns –Challenges issues
3Photoelectron peak shape of thin layer materials4.Photoelectron emission from nanoparticles
 –Size dependent electronic states of nanoparticles –Photoelectron emission intensity in NPs
5.Dimensional estimation of nanoparticles6.Angle-resolved XPS of nanoparticles
5Issues5Monte Carlo simulation model5Simulation results
7.Binding energy and related shift of core level
 –Binding energy shift –Valence band spectra –Auger parameters –Wagner plots –Initial- and final-states effects
Conclusions and future work
1. Introduction
is a microscopicparticlewhose size is measured innanometres  (nm). It is defined as a particle with at least one dimension <100nm. Nanoparticlesmade of semiconducting material may also be labeledquantum dotsif they aresmall enough (typically sub 10nm) thatquantizationof electronicenergy levels  occurs. –Nanoparticles are of great scientific interest as they are effectively a bridgebetween bulk materials andatomicor molecular structures. A bulk material should have constant physical properties regardless of its size, but at the nano-scale this isoften not the case. Size-dependent properties are observed such asquantum confinementinsemiconductor particles,surface plasmon resonancein some metal particles andsuperparamagnetisminmagneticmaterials. Semi-solid and soft nanoparticles have been manufactured. A prototype nanoparticle of semi-solid nature is theliposome  –nanoparticles have already been used for commercial purposes.Refrigeratorsandwashing machinesthat are able to releasesilver nanoparticles enable the machines to killmicro-organisms, as the silver nanoparticles inhibit the respirationof the micro-organisms and suffocate them. This ensures that food will stay freshfor a very long time and clothes are cleaned thoroughly. –Nanoparticle research is currently an area of intense scientific research, due to awide variety of potential applications in biomedical, optical, and electronic fields. –All these macro-properties of the nanoparticles are dependent on the their size

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