The machines have sensing and control devices that enable them tooperate automobile. The simplest of them called machine attachmentsreplace human effort. They guide, locate, move and achieve reviseposition by means of came, optical sensing. Load sensing mechanismsand activate the controls to remove human intention.Robots are higher in the order of automation as they perform a variety of tasks. They are designed to move movements according to programmerswritten into the computer that inside them.With the help of automation, inspection of component can be done 100%ensures highest quality identification and movement of materials arehelped by bar codes which are read and fed into the system farmonitoring quantity, location, movement etc. They help the automatedsystems to start information and provide information for effecting anychanges necessary. To make effective use of automated machines, weneed to have the movement of materials from and to different time asstores, automated, Automated storage and Retrieval systems- ASRS-receive orders for materials from anywhere in the production area, collectmaterials in the works times. Computers and information systems areused for placing orders for matters, give commands adjust inventoryrecords which show the location and quantity of materials needed.Automated guided vehicle systems- AGVS – are pallet trucks and unitload carriers follow embedded guide wires or paint strips to destinationsas programmed.In an automobile showroom we can see all the work automatically withlatest machine.
2.State the important considerations for locating anautomobile plant? Collect information on layoutplanning of an automobile plant from various sourcesand furnish the same.
To locate an automobile company or plant many thing should be consider.For an automobile plant automated flaw lines, automated assembly lines,flexible manufacturing systems, global transition rapid prototyping.Building manufacturing flexibility things are necessity.About the automated flow lines we can say it is a machine which is linkedby a transfer system which moves the parts by using handling machineswhich are also automated, we have an automated flow line.Human intervention ma is needed to verify that the operations are takingplace according to standards. When these can be achieved with the help