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WHO Drinking Water Standards

WHO Drinking Water Standards

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Published by Sinosh
Chemical summary tables ,Drinking water standards
Chemical summary tables ,Drinking water standards

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Published by: Sinosh on Mar 01, 2008
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02/26/2013

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488
ANNEX 4
Chemical summary tables
Table A4.1Chemicals excluded from guideline value derivationChemicalReason for exclusion
AmitrazDegrades rapidly in the environment and is not expected to occur atmeasurable concentrations in drinking-water suppliesBerylliumUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterChlorobenzilateUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterChlorothalonilUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterCypermethrinUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterDiazinonUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterDinosebUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterEthylene thioureaUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterFenamiphosUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterFormothionUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterHexachlorocyclohexanesUnlikely to occur in drinking-water(mixed isomers)MCPBUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterMethamidophosUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterMethomylUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterMirexUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterMonocrotophosHas been withdrawn from use in many countries and is unlikely tooccur in drinking-waterOxamylUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterPhorateUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterPropoxurUnlikely to occur in drinking-waterPyridateNot persistent and only rarely found in drinking-waterQuintozeneUnlikely to occur in drinking-water ToxapheneUnlikely to occur in drinking-water TriazophosUnlikely to occur in drinking-water Tributyltin oxideUnlikely to occur in drinking-water TrichlorfonUnlikely to occur in drinking-water
 
ANNEX 4.CHEMICAL SUMMARY TABLES
489
Table A4.2Chemicals for which guideline values have not been establishedChemicalReason for not establishing a guideline value
AluminiumOwing to limitations in the animal data as a model for humans and theuncertainty surrounding the human data,a health-based guidelinevalue cannot be derived;however,practicable levels based onoptimization of the coagulation process in drinking-water plants usingaluminium-based coagulants are derived:0.1mg/litre or less in largewater treatment facilities,and 0.2mg/litre or less in small facilitiesAmmoniaOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurAsbestosNo consistent evidence that ingested asbestos is hazardous to healthBentazoneOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurBromochloroacetateAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueBromochloroacetonitrileAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueChlorideNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
a
Chlorine dioxideGuideline value not established because of the rapid breakdown ochlorine dioxide and because the chlorite provisional guideline value isadequately protective for potential toxicity from chlorine dioxideChloroacetonesAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline values for any of the chloroacetonesChlorophenol,2-Available data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueChloropicrinAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueDialkyltinsAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline values for any of the dialkyltinsDibromoacetateAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueDichloramineAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueDichlorobenzene,1,3-Toxicological data are insufficient to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueDichloroethane,1,1-Very limited database on toxicity and carcinogenicityDichlorophenol,2,4-Available data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueDichloropropane,1,3-Data insufficient to permit derivation of health-based guideline valueDi(2-ethylhexyl)adipateOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurDiquatRarely found in drinking-water,but may be used as an aquaticherbicide for the control of free-floating and submerged aquaticweeds in ponds,lakes and irrigation ditchesEndosulfanOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurFenitrothionOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurFluorantheneOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurGlyphosate and AMPAOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurHardnessNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
a
Heptachlor andOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichheptachlor epoxidetoxic effects may occur
continued 
 
GUIDELINES FOR DRINKING-WATER QUALITY
490
HexachlorobenzeneOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurHydrogen suldeNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
a
Inorganic tinOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurIodineAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline value,and lifetime exposure to iodine through waterdisinfection is unlikelyIronNot of health concern at concentrations normally observed indrinking-water,and taste and appearance of water are affected belowthe health-based valueMalathionOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurMethyl parathionOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurMonobromoacetateAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueMonochlorobenzeneOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occur,and health-based value would far exceedlowest reported taste and odour thresholdMXOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurParathionOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurPermethrinOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurpHNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
b
Phenylphenol,2- and itsOccurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichsodium salttoxic effects may occurPropanilReadily transformed into metabolites that are more toxic;a guidelinevalue for the parent compound is considered inappropriate,and thereare inadequate data to enable the derivation of guideline values forthe metabolitesSilverAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline valueSodiumNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
a
SulfateNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
a
 Total dissolved solidsNot of health concern at levels found in drinking-water
a
(TDS) TrichloramineAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline value TrichloroacetonitrileAvailable data inadequate to permit derivation of health-basedguideline value Trichlorobenzenes (total)Occurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occur,and health-based value would exceed lowestreported odour threshold Trichloroethane,1,1,1-Occurs in drinking-water at concentrations well below those at whichtoxic effects may occurZincNot of health concern at concentrations normally observed indrinking-water
a
a
May affect acceptability of drinking-water (see chapter 10).
b
An important operational water quality parameter.
Table A4.2
Continued 
ChemicalReason for not establishing a guideline value

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