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Roller Coaster SImulation

Roller Coaster SImulation

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Published by SAMEER ALI KHAN
Roller Coaster SImulation for education
Roller Coaster SImulation for education

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Published by: SAMEER ALI KHAN on Oct 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/04/2011

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- 78 -by Tony Wayne
 
This is a demo that mounts on a blackboard that is magnetic. This demo will allow theteacher to demonstrate Galileo’s inertia experiment and how and why the hills on rollercoasters are designed the way they are. When it is built, it will be an adjustable rail road typetrack.
Materials:
12 feet of vinyl tubing with an outside diameter of
1
 / 
4
inch. Some larger hardware storessell the tubing. (20
¢
per foot)18-
1
1
 / 
8
inch diameter magnets from Radio Shack.
37
1
 / 
2
inches of dowel rod
3
 / 
8
inches in diameter .1 small tube of contact cement1 tube of “Household” GOOP ® or any other adhesive that will glue vinyl. (Epoxy will notwork.)
STEP 1
Cut the dowel rod into 20 pieces
1
7
 / 
8
inches long. Cut a
1
 / 
4
 deep slit into one end of each dowel rod. The slit should beabout
1
 / 
16
inch wide. A band saw is a good tool for doingthis.
STEP 2
Insert the slit end of each dowel into a magnet.
STEP 3
Cut some wood into
1
 / 
4
X
1
 / 
4
X 1
1
 / 
2
” RECTANGLES. These will be used as spacers. Markthe tubing every 4 inches with a permanent marker. Place the magnets on the board in astraight line 4 inches apart from each other.
4”
STEP 4
Put some contact cement on the top side of each dowel rod. Put some more contact cementon the vinyl tubing at each mark. With another person’s help, lay the tubing against themagnets on top of the dowel. When you have laid out 18 magnets, 6 feet, stop. Cut thetubing. Lay the other piece of tubing
1
 / 
4
inch away from the first piece. Use the cut wood asa spacer between the vinyl tubing. It should look like rail road tracks when you are done
SIDE VIEWOVERHEAD VIEW
STEP 5
Final step. The track’s glue joints are weak. Reinforce them with GOOP™ on the underside.Be sure not to get any glue on top of the tubing. A little piece of glue on top of the tubing willcause the marble to roll off it.
- 79 - by Tony Wayne
MAGNET
1
7
 / 
8
inches
 
Marble STARTS hereMarble STOPS hereAdjust the ramp to lower angles. The marblekeeps rolling to the same height. Galileoconcluded from a similar experiment that theball will keep rolling until it reaches the sameheight it started from if there were nofriction. (With friction, it will keep rolling untilit reaches the stop height.)Marble STARTS hereMarble STOPheightAdjust the ramp to different loop radii. Noticeif the loop’s radius is too big, the marble fallsoff. Try adjusting the radius until the ballmakes it around the loop.Marble STARTS hereAdjust the ramp to different hill shapes. Drop themarble from the same height each time. Keep adjustingthe hill’s shape until the marble no longer leaves thetrack. This is the desired hill shape for that startheight. After all, if the roller coaster left the trackseach time, the company would lose its customers. (Trya lower start height and see how the hill shape wouldchange.)Marble STARTS hereAdjust the ramp to make a gradual climb on the leftside and steep drop on the right. Trace the path thebottom of the ball makes as it leaves the track. Linethe track up with the traced curve. The ball will stay onthe track. A coaster’s hills are designed to give therider the weightless feeling they would get if the trackwere not there.Marble STOP heightMarble STOP heightMarble STARTS here
PRACTICE SPEED ESTIMATION
Each support is 4 inches apart. To estimate the velocity atthe bottom of this curve, count an equal number of supportson each side of the dip’s center. Calculate this distance.Time how long the ball takes to travel the distance. Calculatethe average speed, (distance/time). The average will equalthe exact speed at the center of the dip -but only if (1) thedistance measured is equal on both sides of the dip’s centerand (2) the region measured is fairly symmetrical in shape.20 inchesalong track.- 80 - by Tony Wayne

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