Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
44Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Constitution

Constitution

Ratings:

3.75

(4)
|Views: 11,984 |Likes:
Published by Md. Mahbubul Karim
Constitution Kind and discuss
Constitution Kind and discuss

More info:

Published by: Md. Mahbubul Karim on Mar 01, 2008
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as TXT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/06/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Definition of ConstitutionState is the political organization which is administered by the group of personknown as the government. When we say the government of a state, it means basicallythe executive, the legislative and the judiciary. But this government cannot runthe state according to their whim and caprice. There has to be certain rules andprinciples on the basis and under the authority of which the government can runthe state. This set of principle is called the ConstitutionIn Black Law Dictionary,“The fundamental and organic law of a nationor state that establishes the institution and system of government, defines thescope of governmental sovereign powers, and guarantees individual civil rights andcivil liberties.”According to Lord Bryce,“Constitution is the aggregate of laws andcustoms under which the life of the state goes onClassificationConstitution is widely classified into two categories.1.Written & unwritten.2.Rigid & Flexible.Written & unwrittenWritten Constitution is one which the fundamental principles concerning stateadministration are embodied and which has, as a specific document, been passed bya specific body.U.S Constitution, Indian Constitution and Bangladesh Constitution are WrittenConstitution.On the other hand, where the constitution has not been passed formally as aspecific document by a specific body and the fundamental principles concerningstate administration exist in political customs, judicial decisions and in somescattered documents, the constitution is unwritten one.British Constitution is great example for unwritten constitution.Rigid & FlexibleThe distinction between Rigid and Flexible Constitution rests upon the method bywhich the constitution may be changed. The Constitution which can be amended byordinary law making procedure is called Flexible Constitution. Ordinary law makingprocedure means, making law by simple majority.British Constitution is flexible constitution.
 
On the other hand the constitution which can not be amended by ordinary law makingprocess, need two-third majority for amended Constitution.Bangladesh Constitution is rigid constitution.ConstitutionState is the political organization which is administered by the group of personknown as the government. When we say the government of a state, it means basicallythe executive, the legislative and the judiciary. But this government cannot runthe state according to their whim and caprice. There has to be certain rules andprinciples on the basis and under the authority of which the government can runthe state. This set of principle is called the Constitution.(Md Abdul Halim: Constitution, Constitutional law and Politics; BangladeshPerspective)Tomas Paine remark that,“Government without a Constitution is a powerwithout a right.”Like many other terms in political science, the term “constitution” has beenvariously defined by different writers according to the varying conception whichthey hold as to what Constitution should be.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,We can find Constitution as,“A constitution is a system for governance,often codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles ofan autonomous political entity. In the case of countries, this term refersspecifically to a national constitution defining the fundamental politicalprinciples, and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of agovernment. Most national constitutions also guarantee certain rights to thepeople. Historically, before the evolution of modern-style, codified nationalconstitutions, the term constitution could be applied to any important law thatgoverned the functioning of a government.”[By Wikipedia definition we can find that constitution is a state book offundamental political principles, and establishing the structure, procedures,powers and duties, of a government, which help the government to guide thenation/state.]In Black Law Dictionary,“The fundamental and organic law of a nation or state that establishes theinstitution and system of government, defines the scope of governmental sovereignpowers, and guarantees individual civil rights and civil liberties.”[By Black Law Dictionary definition constitution is a collection of fundamentaland organic law of a nation or state which define the scope, duty, right & powerof the sovereign government and which give the guarantee of civil right and civilliberties. That mean what will be state policy, what is the duty of thegovernment, how they fulfill/ maintain it and what is the right of the governmentagainst people of the state.]Aristotle define,“The way of life the state has chosen for itself.[This definition is very ancient and no clear characteristics of a constitutioncan be found in it. He not defined what can be state life]According to C. F. Strong,“A constitution may be said to be a collection of principle according to

Activity (44)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Md Milan Shaikh added this note
thanks for giving this type of comarison
Dr. Vinod Gupta liked this
Mosarrof Muhin liked this
Alina Homeag liked this
Obe Absin liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->