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Drainage Calculations

Drainage Calculations

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Published by Arvensisdesign
Drainage Design
Drainage Design

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Published by: Arvensisdesign on Nov 01, 2009
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06/25/2013

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Discharge Unit Values BS.5572 :1978
Type of Sanitary FittingInterval between Use
DomesticPublicPeak FlowDischargeUnit(min)(min)(min)Value
 Automatic Washing Machine
41020540
WC (9 Litre Cistern)
2071014528
Sink 
2061014527
Wash Basin
20110356
Bath
7571018--
Shower (Per Head)
Domestic 
1
Public 
2
Urinal Bowl 
200.3
Discharge Unit Maximum Values BS.5572 :1978
Internal diameterFallof pipe (mm)1 in 1111 in 451 in 22
100mm
2304301050
125mm
78015003000
150mm
200035007500
 
Rates of Discharge from Sanitary Fittings BS.5572 :1978
Type of FittingDischarge(litres per second)
Basin
0.60
Bath
1.00
Sink (32mm Diameter Waste)
0.50
Sink (38mm Diameter Waste)
1.00
Sink (50mm Diameter Waste)
2.00
Urinal 
0.15
WC (9 or 14 litre cistern)
2.30
Shower 
1.00
Equipment Washer 
5.70
Steam Steriliser 
0.95
 
Peak Simultaneous Demand
Simultaneous Demand Factor 
The discharge unit value takes into account the number of fittings discharging simultaneously compared with the total number of fittings installed.
known as the usage ratioT,n = total number of fittings installed t = time in seconds fittings are discharging T = time in seconds between usage
Total number of fittings installed (n) = 30 It has been assumed that each fitting will take 10sec to discharge their contents, and will be used at 900sec intervals
.= 0.11900.= 5.10 + square root of 5.874.= 5.10 + 2.42.= 7.52Simultaneous Demand Factor = 7.52%
m
=
np
+ 1.80 [2
np
(1 - p] 0.5Where
m
= number of fittings discharging simultaneously
 p = t  p
= 10
m
= (30 x 0.11) + 1.80 [2 x 30 x 0.11 (1 - 0.11)] 0.5

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