Assignment -1 Research Methodology MB0034Meera Manikandan Nair 520845475
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4. Survey: It is a fact-finding study. It is a method of research involving collection of data directlyfrom a population or a sample thereof at particular time. Its purpose is to provide information,explain phenomena, to make comparisons and concerned with cause and effect relationships can be useful for making predications
Discuss the criteria of good research problem.
Horton and Hunt have given following characteristics of scientific research:1. Verifiable evidence: That is factual observations which other observers can see and check.2. Accuracy: That is describing what really exists. It means truth or correctness of a statement or describingthings exactly as they are and avoiding jumping to unwarranted conclusions either by exaggeration or fantasizing.3. Precision: That is making it as exact as necessary, or giving exact number or measurement. This avoidscolourful literature and vague meanings.4. Systematization: That is attempting to find all the relevant data, or collecting data in a systematic andorganized way so that the conclusions drawn are reliable. Data based on casual recollections are generallyincomplete and give unreliable judgments and conclusions.5. Objectivity: That is free being from all biases and vested interests. It means observation is unaffected bythe observer's values, beliefs and preferences to the extent possible and he is able to see and accept facts asthey are, not as he might wish them to be.6. Recording: That is jotting down complete details as quickly as possible. Since human memory isfallible, all data collected are recorded.7. Controlling conditions: That is controlling all variables except one and then attempting to examine whathappens when that variable is varied. This is the basic technique in all scientific experimentation - allowingone variable to vary while holding all other variables constant.
Describe the procedure used to test the hypothesis
To test a hypothesis means to tell (on the basis of the data researcher has collected) whether or not thehypothesis seems to be valid. In hypothesis testing the main question is: whether the null hypothesis or not toaccept the null hypothesis? Procedure for hypothesis testing refers to all those steps that we undertake for making a choice between the two actions i.e., rejection and acceptance of a null hypothesis. The various stepsinvolved in hypothesis testing are stated below:Making a Formal StatementThe step consists in making a formal statement of the null hypothesis (H
) and also of the alternativehypothesis (H
). This means that hypothesis should clearly state, considering the nature of the research problem. For instance, Mr. Mohan of the Civil Engineering Department wants to test the load bearingcapacity of an old bridge which must be more than 10 tons, in that case he can state his hypothesis as under