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Published by Prof.M.M.Ninan

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Published by: Prof.M.M.Ninan on Mar 02, 2008
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Being Also a New Key to the Interpretation of Many Vedic Texts and Legends 
Lokamanya Bâl Gangâdhar Tilak
The proprietor of the
and the
newspapers,The author of the
or Researches into the Antiquity of the Vedas,The Gita Rahasya 
a Book on Hindu Philosophy 
) etc., etc.PublishersMessrs. TILAK BROSGaikwar WadaPoona City
 Balawant Ga
ak (July 23, 1856 - August 1, 1920), was an Indian nationalist, social reformer andfreedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement and is known as "Fatherof the Indian unrest." Tilak sparked the fire for complete independence in Indian consciousness, and isconsidered the father of Hindu nationalism as well.“Self Rule is our birthright, and We shall have it!”This famous quote of his is very popular and well-remembered in India even today. Reverently addressed asLokmanya (meaning "Beloved of the people" or "Revered by the world"), Tilak was a scholar of Indian history,Sanskrit, Hinduism, mathematics and astronomy.He was born on in a village chikhali, near Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, into a middle class Chitpavan Brahminfamily. Tilak had a divisive philosphy. He was among India's first generation of youth to receive a modern,college education. After graduation, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune and laterbecame a journalist. He became a strong critic of the Western education system, feeling it demeaning to Indianstudents and disrespectful to India's heritage. He organized the Deccan Education Society to improve the qualityof education for India's youth. He taught Mathematics at Fergusson College in Pune. Tilak founded the Marathidaily
(Lion) which fast became a popular reading for the common people of India. Tilak stronglycriticized the government for its brutality in suppression of free expression, especially in face of protests againstthe division of Bengal in 1905, and for denigrating India's culture, its people and heritage. He demanded theBritish immediately give the right to self-government to India's people.Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in the 1890s, but soon fell into opposition of its liberal-moderateattitude towards the fight for self-government.In 1891 Tilak opposed the Age of Consent bill introduced afterthe death of a child bride from sexual injuries. The act raised the marriageable age of a child bride from 10 to 12which was already 16 in Britain since 1885. This was one of the first significant reforms introduced by theBritish since Indian rebellion of 1857. The Congress and other liberals whole-heartedly supported it but Tilak raised a battle-cry terming it as 'Interference in Hindu Religion'. Since then he was seen as a hard-core Hindunationalist. When in 1897 bubonic plague spread from Bombay to Pune the Government became jittery andAssistant Collector of Pune, Mr. Rand and his associates, employed extremely severe and brutal methods tostop the spread of the disease by destroying even 'clean homes'. Even people who were not infected were carried

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